Effect of Cassava Peel Based Diets on Performance and Meat Quality of Snail (Archachatina marginata Swainson)

Main Article Content

Kehinde, Abiodun Solomon
Babatunde, Taiye Oluwasola
Kehinde, Olujide Johnson


The effect of cassava peel (CPL) incorporation (0,5, 10 and 15%) in the diets of growing snails  (average initial weight  66.0 ± 0.15 g) on the growth performance, shell morphological changes, digestibility of nutrients, carcass yield and mineral element composition of the meat was investigated. The nutritional trial adopted four T1 (0%), T2 (5%), T3 (10%) and T4 (15%) almost isocaloric and isonitrogenous diets. Two hundred and forty growing snails were randomly allotted at 60 snails/treatment, while each treatment was replicated three times. The digestibility of nutrients was evaluated at the 12th of the fourteen-week trial. Data collected were analyzed in a complete randomized design using (ANOVA), a significant difference among the means was separated using Duncan's multiple range test. Cassava peel is rich in NFE (70.0%), low in crude protein (3.94%), while the four diets held almost equal proximate composition. Feed intake increased (P<0.05) from T1 to T4 and T1 (control) had the best (P<0.05) carcass yield. Survivability of snails at all levels was 100%. Highest dry matter digestibility (70.01%) was obtained in T1; the digestibility of other nutrients also reduced (P< 0.05) with CPL incorporation. Meat mineral composition was not compromised by the treatments. Cassava peel based diet was favourably utilized at 15% CPL incorporation without any adverse effect on feed intake, growth, meat quality and carcass yield, farmers should adopt it.

Growth performance, nutrients digestibility, snail meat, cassava peel, growing snail.

Article Details

How to Cite
Solomon, K., Oluwasola, B., & Johnson, K. (2019). Effect of Cassava Peel Based Diets on Performance and Meat Quality of Snail (Archachatina marginata Swainson). Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, 40(4), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.9734/jeai/2019/v40i430368
Original Research Article


Kingsley EA. Threat of climate change on land snail diversity keynote address presented at the opening ceremony of the international conference on Giant African Land Snails. 2019;3–8.

Omole FK. A SPATIAL distribution of market centres in the Development of Osun State, Nigeria (Doctoral dissertation, Federal University of Technology, Akure); 2002.

SAS. SAS user’s guide, version 9.1 for windows, Statically Analysis system Institute. Inc, Carry, NC, USA; 2009.

Kehinde AS. Utilization of cassava (Manihot esculenta (Rantz) by –products by African land snail (Archachatina marginata Swainson) A PhD thesis submitted to the Department of Animal Science, University of Ibadan. 2009;8.

Babalola OO, Akinsoyinu AO. Proximate composition and mineral profile of snail meat from different breed of level snail in Nigeria. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition. 2009;8(12):1842–1844.

Kehinde AS. Wealth creation and employment through snail production and research. Journal of Molluscan Research. 2019;5:1-3.

Adeyemi MA, Akinfola EO. Growth response of growing pigs to diets containing graded levels of cassava on development of a retalient livestock industry for Natural Economic Growth. Ilorin. Nigeria. 2018;426–428.

Kehinde AS, Aguihe PC, Samuel KU. Effect of matigrain enzyme supplementation on wood chemistry of growing Japanese Quails fed sundried yam peel based deits. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production. 2019;46:109-115.

Babadoye AO, Imran AS, Babadoye BO, Kehinde AS, Taiwo BH, Adedokun SA, Yekeen OM. Effect of Chromotena odorata and mulberry leaf meals based diets on growth performance and meat quality of African giant snail (Archachatina marginata) proceeding of the 15th animal conference of Animal Science Association of Nigeria, University of Uyo, Nigeria. 2010;102– 104.

Akinfola EO, Adegbuju SW, Ilori JO. Evaluation of the nutritive value of while cassava plant as a replacement for maize in the diets of growing pigs in the Torpics Ife. Journal of Agriculture. 2013;26:15-22.

Poopola YA, Omole AJ. Performance of growing snails (Archachatina marginata) fed diets containing different levels of sesame seed meat. 8th International conference on Giant land Snail (Net Gals). 2019;70–73.

Okon B, Ibom IA, Inar-Ibor OB, Owai PU. Nutritional evaluation of a marginata feed diets containing full fat rubber as replacement for full fat soyabean Nigeria. J of Agric Food and Eavt. 2016;12(2):1-8.

Akinnusi FAO, Oni, Ademolu KO. Variation in chemical composition of shell and Haemolyrrph of giant African land snail Archachatian marginata, during wet and dry seasons in Nigeria. Journal of Mollusca Research. 2019;5:31-36.

AOAC. Association of official analytical chemist official methods of analysis. 17th edition Washington; 2005.

Sam IM, Essien CA, Christopher GI, Asuquo MA. Potential feed materials for sustainable snail farming. A review. Proceeding of 8th international conference (Netgals) in Nigeria. 2019;27–37.

Ayoola PB, Adeyeye A. Phytochemical and nutrient evaluation of Carica papaya (pawpaw) leaves. International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences. 2018;5(3):325– 328.

Mogbo TC, Nwakwo OD, Nwuzor IL. Growth performance of snail (Achatina fulica) fed with three different leaf materials. American Journal of Biology and Life Sciences; 2014.

Akinfola EO, Amusan KO, Adeyemi MA. Characterization of carbohydrate fractions of cassava plant meal and its utilization in growing pigs Nig of Annm pdts. 2019;46(1):77–84.

Eruvbetine D. Nutritional and feeding strategies of the giant Africa land snail proceeding. 18th international Snail Conference Feb 12 – 15 Abeokuta Nigeria. 2012;8–18.