Fruit and Seed Biometrics and Influence on Germination of Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. (Jackfruit)

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Uilian do Nascimento Barbosa
Ana Lícia Patriota Feliciano Marangon
Isabelle Maria Jacqueline Meunier
Luiz Carlos Marangon
Anderson Oliveira de Lima
Géssyca Fernanda de Sena Oliveira
Adriano Castelo dos Santos

Abstract

This work aimed to characterize the biometry of fruits and seeds of Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. and to verify its influence on germination. The fruits were collected from the matrices trees in the Jardim Botânico do Recife (JBR), Pernambuco. From 10 pathogen-free A. heterophyllus matrices, 50 fruits (multiple fruits, which in the research were considered as single fruit) and 500 seeds were collected, being measured length, width and thickness, using a tape measure (for fruits ) and digital caliper (precision 0.001 mm) for the seeds, as well as weighing on a precision scale. The seeds were classified by size: Small (≤ 2.5 cm), medium (2.6 to 3 cm) and large (≥ 3.1 cm). The germination test was conducted in a greenhouse of the JBR, with a 50% shading screen. The container used was a 50 x 25 x 5 cm polypropylene tray with holes at the bottom to provide drainage. The obtained results allow inferring that the seed size did not influence the vigor on A. heterophyllus germination in a greenhouse. The variation found in fruit size and number of seeds per fruit, as well as field observations regarding fruit and seed morphology, pulp flavor and consistency, allows us to infer that there is a possibility of several varieties of the species occurring in the studied site.

Keywords:
Forest seeds, jackfruit, invasive species.

Article Details

How to Cite
Barbosa, U. do N., Marangon, A. L. P. F., Meunier, I. M. J., Marangon, L. C., de Lima, A. O., de Sena Oliveira, G. F., & dos Santos, A. C. (2019). Fruit and Seed Biometrics and Influence on Germination of Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. (Jackfruit). Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, 41(6), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.9734/jeai/2019/v41i630422
Section
Original Research Article

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