Effect of Processed Cassava Peel Meal on Blood Chemistry Characteristics of Pullets

Main Article Content

Christian Okechukwu Ezihe
Chukwuka Nwaocha Uchendu


A 37-week feeding trial was conducted using 108 Dominant black strain of pullets to evaluate the effect of feeding diets containing retted cassava peel meal (RCPM) on their blood chemistry characteristics. The research was carried using a completely randomized design, from June 2009 to May 2010 at a private farm in Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria. The RCPM used in this study was prepared and included at rates of 0%, 10% and 20% to replace maize of the control diet. The birds were randomly allotted to the three dietary groups. On 12th week, the birds in group T2 and T3 had a significant decline (P =.05) in total protein values when compared to the birds on the control diet. In the 24thweek, the cholesterol values increased significantly (P =.05) with increasing RCPM inclusions, also at the 24th week, the serum Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) values at 20% (T3) RCPM inclusion was significantly (P =.05) higher than values recorded in diets T1 and T2; but at the 37th week, values at the 10% (T2) inclusion rate was significantly lower (P =.05) than values recorded at the 0% (T1) and 20% (T3)RCPM inclusions respectively. The serum albumin values in the 37th week significantly increased (P =.05) in the treatment diets (T1 and T2) compared to the control diet (T1). The RCPM inclusions led to a significant decline (P =.05) in Serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST) values in the 24th week. It can be concluded that up to 20% RCPM can be used in pullet diets to replace maize without adverse effect on the blood chemistry characteristics of the birds.

Cassava peels, serum chemistry, diets, pullets.

Article Details

How to Cite
Okechukwu Ezihe, C., & Nwaocha Uchendu, C. (2019). Effect of Processed Cassava Peel Meal on Blood Chemistry Characteristics of Pullets. Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, 41(6), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.9734/jeai/2019/v41i630425
Original Research Article


Iyayi EA, Fayoyin FK. Expanding rural production through the use of low-cost cassava fruit coal as alternative fibre source for broilers. Proceedings of the DeutscherTropentag Conference on International Agricultural Research for Development, Berlin, Germany. 2004;1-8.

Okah U, Okosun SE, Eguaoje, SE. Nutrient retention, haematology and serum biochemistry of cockerels fed graded levels of cassava (Manihotesculenta) grit supplemented with moringa (Moringaoleifera) leaf meal. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production. In Press; 2004.

Adetunji T. Cassava Industry: Nigeria, a player or an on-looker? Agriculture digest. 2010;1 (2):13-14.

Fajemisin AN, Omotoso OB, Fadiyimu AA, Shuaibu AY. Nutrient intake and utilization by West African Dwarf Goats fed cassava peels substituted with Cajanuscajan hay. In: Agricultural Transformation Strategies and Policies for Livestock Development in Nigeria. ASAN-NIAS Proceedings of the 17th Annual Conference held at the International Conference Centre, Opposite Radio House, Area 8, Abuja. 9th-13th September. 2012;636-639.

Oladunjoye IO, Ojebiyi O, Amao OA. Effect of feeding processed cassava (Manihotesculentacrantz) peel meal based diet on the performance characteristics, egg quality and blod profile of laying chicken. Agricultural Tropical EtSubtropica. 2010;43 (2):119-126.

Akinmutimi AH. Evaluation of sword beans (Canavaliagladiata) as alternative feed source for broiler chicken. PhD Thesis, Michael Okpara University ofAgriculture, Umudike, Abia State, Nigeria; 2004.

Donald, M.C. Complete Blood Counts; 2005.

Diarra SS, Devi A. Feeding value of some cassava by-products meal for poultry: A review. Journal of Nutrition Pakistan. 2015;14(10):735-741.

AOAC. Official Method of Analysis (15th edition). Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC), Washington, D.C.USA; 1990.

Lubran MM. The measurement of total serum proteins by the Biuret method. Annals of Clinical Laboratory Science. 1978;8(2):106-110.

Allain CC, Poon LS, Chan CS, Richmond W, Fu P.C. Enzymatic determination of total cholesterol. Clinical Chemistry.1974; 20(4):470-475.

Reitman S, Frankel S. A colometric method of determination of serum glutamic oxaloacetic and glutamic pyruvic transaminase. American Journal of Clinical Pathology. 1957;28:56-62.

Searcy RL, Readon JE, Foreman JA. A new photometric method for serum urea nitrogen determination. American Journal of Medical Technology. 1967;33:15-20.

Steel RGD, Torrie JH. Principles of statistics: A biometric approach, 2nd Ed. McGraw-Hill Book Co. Inc., New York. 1990;1-88.

Sogunle OM, Fanimo AO, Abiola SS, Bamgbose AM. Performance of growing pullets fed cassava peel meal diet supplemented with cashew nut reject meal.Arch. Zootec. 2009;58(221):23-31.

Ehebha ETE, Eguaoje AS. Haematological and serum biochemical indices of broiler chickens fed varying dietary levels of sundried cassava (Manihotesculenta) peel meal supplemented with enzyme (MAXIGRAINR). Asian Journal of Research in Animal and Veterinary Sciences. 2018; 1(4):1-9.

Eggum BO. The protein quality of cassava leaves. Br. J. Nutri. 1970;24:761-768.

Ekpeyong TE, Biobaku WO. Growth response of rabbits fed activated sewage and poultry waste.J.Appl. Rabbit Res. 1986;1:14-16.

Schmidt EMS, Paulillo AC, Lapera IM, Martins GRV, Nordi Junior L, Testi AJP, Denadi J, Hoppe EGL, Fagliari JJ. Evaluation of serum biochemical parameters in Juvenile Bronze Turkeys (Meleagrisgallopavo). Int. J. Poult. Sci. 2009;8;746-748.