Vegetative Development of Radish Seedlings in Different Organic Substrates

Main Article Content

Mario Euclides Pechara da Costa Jaeggi
Rogério Rangel Rodrigues
Israel Martins Pereira
Magno do Carmo Parajara
Richardson Sales Rocha
Derivaldo Pureza da Cruz
Edevaldo de Castro Monteiro
Wallace Luis de Lima
Carolina de Oliveira Bernardes
Geraldo de Amaral Gravina
Samuel Ferreira da Silva
Samyra de Araújo Capetini


The objective of this work was to evaluate the vegetative development of radish seedlings in different organic substrates with seeds from two types of commercial packing. The completely randomized design was used in a 4 x 2 factorial scheme, consisting of four substrates (commercial, tanned bovine manure, mixed organic compound and vermicompost) and two seed packings (aluminized envelope and can), with eight replications, totalizing 64 seedlings. The biometric evaluations of the seedlings were carried out on the 14th day after sowing, and the following phytotechnical parameters were evaluated: leaf number, total fresh mass; fresh mass from aerial part and fresh mass from the root. According to the results, the commercial, vermicompost and mixed organic substrates provided the best results for the variables evaluated when the can was used.

Raphanus sativus L., organic residue, seedlings production.

Article Details

How to Cite
da Costa Jaeggi, M. E. P., Rangel Rodrigues, R., Pereira, I. M., do Carmo Parajara, M., Sales Rocha, R., Pureza da Cruz, D., de Castro Monteiro, E., Luis de Lima, W., de Oliveira Bernardes, C., de Amaral Gravina, G., Ferreira da Silva, S., & de Araújo Capetini, S. (2019). Vegetative Development of Radish Seedlings in Different Organic Substrates. Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, 41(6), 1-8.
Original Research Article


FAR filament. New Olericulture Handbook: Modern agrotechnology in the production and marketing of vegetables., Viçosa: UFV, 3rd ed. 2008;421.

Mitsui Y, Shimomura M, Komatsu K, Namiki N, Shibata-Hatta M, Imai M. The radish genome and comprehensive gene expression profile of tuberous root formation and development. Scientific Reports. 2015;5:1-14.
DOI:10.1038 / srep10835

Camargo R, Pires SC, Maldonado AC, HP Oak, Costa TR. Evaluation of substrates for the production of Jatropha seedlings in plastic bags. Tropica - Agrarian and Biological Sciences. 2011;5(1):31-38.

JLS, Silva RM, Baima WDS, Gonçalves HRO, Grandson FCS, Aguiar AVM. Different substrates in the production of pepper seedlings. Scientific Farming in the Semiarid. 2013;9(2):01-04.

Silva EA, Oliveira AC, Mendonça V, Soares FM. Substrates in the production of mangabeira seedlings in tubes. Tropical Farming Research. 2011;41(2):279-285.

Zhou K, Sui Y, Liu X, Zhang X, Jin J, Wang G. Crop rotation with nine-year continuous cattle manure addition restores farmland productivity of artificially eroded Mollisolsin North east China. Field Crops Research. 2015;171:138-145.

Das S, Jeong ST, Das S, Kim PJ. Composted Cattle Manure Increases Microbial Activity and Soil Fertility More Than Composted Swine Manure in a Submerged Rice Paddy. Frontiers in Microbiology. 2017;8:1-10.
DOI:10.3389 / fmicb.2017.01702

Kravchenko AN, Snapp SS, Robertson GP. Field-scaleexperiments reveal persistent yield gaps in low-input and organic croppingsystems. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2017; 114:926-931.

Carvalho ER, Oliveira JA, Mavaieie DPR, Silva HW, Lopes CGM. Pre-packing cooling and types of packages in physiological quality of soybean seeds during storage1. Journal of Seed Science. 2016;38(2):129-139.

Xiao Z, Luo Y, GE Lester, Kou L, Yang T, Wang Q. Postharvest quality and shelf life of radish microgreens as impacted by storage temperature, packaging film, and chlorine wash treatment. LWT - Food Science and Technology. 2014;55:551-558.

Xiao Z, Lester GE, Luo Y, Xie ZK, Yu LL, Wang Q. Effect of light exposure on sensory quality, concentrations of bioactive compounds and antioxidant capacity of radish microgreens during low temperature storage. Food Chemistry. 2014;151:472-479.

Abreu LAS, MLM Oak, Pinto CAG, Kataoka VY, Silva TTA. Deterioration of sunflower seeds during storage. Journal of Seed Science. 2013;35(2):240-247.

CPH son, Goneli ALD, Masetto TE, Martins EAS, Oba GC. The effect of drying temperatures and storage of seeds on the growth of soybean seedlings. Journal of Seed Science. 2016;38(4):287-295.
DOI:10.1590 / 2317-1545v38n416186

Araújo Neto SE, Azevedo JMA, Galvao RO, Oliveira EBL, Ferreira RLF. Organic seedling production of bell pepper with different substrates. Rural Science. 2009; 39(5):1408-1413.

Carmona E, Moreno MT, Avilés M, Ordovás J. Use of grape marc compost as substrate for vegetable seedlings. Scientia Horticulturae. 2012;137:69-74.
DOI:10.1016 / j.scienta.2012.01.023

Run-Hua Z, Zeng-Qiang D, Zhi-Guo L. Use of Spent Mushroom Substrate as Growing Media for Tomato and Cucumber Seedlings. Pedosphere. 2012;22(3):333-342.

Jara-Samaniego J, Perez-Murcia MD, Bustamante MA, Perez-Espinosa A, Paredes C, Lopez M, Lopez-Lluch DB, Gavilanes-TeranI, Moral R. Composting as sustainable strategy for municipal solid waste management in the Chimborazo Region, Ecuador: Suitability of the obtained composts for seedling production. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2017;141: 1349-1358. DOI:10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.09.17

Souza MPS, Costa AC, Carreço RLB, Lima WL. The valorization of organic waste in the Agroecology sector at the Federal Institute of Espírito Santo Campus of Alegre. Agroecology Notebooks. 2013;8:1-4.

Ferreira DF. Sisvar: A computer statistical analysis system. Ciência e Agrotecnologia. 2011;35(6):1039-1042.

Furlan F, Costa M, Costa LA, Marini D, Castoldi G, Souza J, Pivetta L. Alternative substrates for organic cabbage seedling production. Brazilian Journal of Agroecology. 2007;2(2):1689.

Pode R. Potential applications of rice husk ash waste from rice husk biomass power plant. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2016;53:1468-1485
DOI:10.1016/j.rser.2015.09.051 1364-0321

Noya MG, Cuquel FL, Schafer G, Armindo RA. Substrates for cultivating herbaceous perennial plants in extensive green roofs. Ecological Engineering. 2017;102:662-669. DOI:10.1016/j.ecoleng.2017.02.042

Silva Júnior AA, Visconti A. Recipientes e substratospara a produção de mudas de tomate.Agropecuário Catarinense, 1991; 4(4):20-23,.

Castoldi G, Freiberger MB, Pivetta LA, Pivetta LG, Echer MDM. Alternative substrates in the production of lettuce seedlings and their productivity in the field. Revista Ciência Agronômica. 2014;45(2): 299-304.

APG Oliveira, SMS Gandine, Sabino SM, Alves LP, Amaral AA, Carvalho AHO. Potential of the use of mineral organo substrate in radish development. Encyclopedia Biosphere. 2015;11(22):173-181.

Linhares PCF, Pereira MFS, Oliveira BS, Henriques GPSA, Maracajá PB. Produtividade de rabanete em sistema orgânico de produção. Revista Verde de Agroecologia 5. 2010.

Lanna NB, Silva PNL, Colombari LF, Corrêa CV, Cardoso AII. Residual effect of organic fertilization on radish production. Horticultura Brasileira. 2018;36(1):47-53.

Aurélio Júnior PB, Bezerra Neto F, Silveira ML, MJT Chamber, Barros NMS. Utilization of organic compounds in the growth of pepper seedlings. Caatinga Magazine. 2008;21(2):126-130.

Pereira DC, Grutzmacher P, Bernardi FH, Mallmann LS, Costa LA, Costa MSS. Production of nursery seedlings and field cultivation in an agroecological system. Agricultural and Environmental Engineering. 2012;16(10):1100-1106.

Cabanillas C, Stobbia D, Ledesma A. Production and income of basil in and out of season with vermicomposts from rabbit manure and bovine ruminal contents alternatives to urea. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2013;47:77-84.

Mota JH, Yuri JE, Resende GM, Oliveira CM, Souza RJ, Freitas SAC, Rodrigues Junior JC. Lettuce production as a function of application of phosphorus doses and sources. Brazilian Horticulture. 2003;21: 620-622.

Lana RMQ, Zanão Junior LA, Light JMQ, Silva JC. Lettuce yield as a function of the use of different phosphorus sources in Cerrado soil. Brazilian Horticulture. 2004; 22:525-528.

Santos DH, Tiritan CS, Foloni JS, Fabris LB. Sugarcane yield under fertilization with soluble phosphate-enriched filter cake. Tropical Farming Research. 2010;40(4): 454-461.

Kuhn PR, Kulczynski SM, Rosa LG, Frozza RA, Zanchet BM. Influence of the type of packaging on the physiological quality of tomato seeds during commercialization. Encyclopedia Biosphere. 2012;8(14):692-698.

Williams SB, Murdock LL, Baributsa D. Sorghum seed storage in Purdue Improved Crop Storage (PICS) bags and improvised containers. Journal of Stored Products Research. 2017;72:138-142.

Roos EE. Induced genetic changes in seed germplasm during storage. In: Khan A, editor. The Physiology and Biochemistry of Seed Development, Dormancy and Germination. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier Biomedical Press. 1981;409–434.

Rao NK, Roberts EH, Ellis RH. Loss of viability in lettuce seeds and the accumulation of chromosome damage under different storage conditions. Annals of Botany. 1987;60(1):85–96.

Roberts EH. Seed ageing-the genome and its expression. In: Nooden LD, Leopold AC, editors. Senescence and Ageing in Plants. New York, NY, USA: Academic Press. 1988;465–598.

Pradhan BK, Badola HK. Effect of storage conditions and storage periods on seed germination in eleven populations of Swertia chirayita: A critically endangered medicinal herb in Himalaya. The Scientific World Journal; 2012.

Silva EA, Mendonca V, Tosta MS, Oliveira AC, Reis LL, Bardiviesso DM. Seed germination and seedling production of lettuce cultivars in different substrates. Semina: Agricultural Sciences. 2008;29(2): 245-254.