Effect of Different Rate of Bat Guano on Growth and Yield of Tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill) in Niamey, Niger

Main Article Content

Ambouta Harouna Karimou
Guero Yadji
Abdou Gado Fanna
Abarchi Idrissa


Aims: A field experiment was conducted at the Research Farm of Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Abdou Moumouni University of Niamey - Niger, from November to March 2018 to determine the effects of different rate of bat guano fertilizers on growth and yield parameters of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill).

Study Design: The four treatments included no manure T0 as control, T1-500 kg/ha, T2-1000 kg/ha T3-1500 kg/ha of bat guano fertilizers was laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with four replications.

Methodology: The variables measured were plant height, number of branches, stem diameter and fruit yield obtained. Data collected were subjected to Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). The means were separated using LSD at five percent level of significance.

Results: The results showed that all levels of bat guano improve the growth and yield parameters of tomato compared to the control. Growth and yield parameters of tomato plants treated with 1500 kg/ha and 500 kg/ha of bat guano were higher than the other treatments. The T3 (1500 kg/ha) and T1 (500 kg/ha) of bat guano are statistically homogenous and showed highest plant yield with 40.45 and 38.75 t/ha of tomato fruits respectively.

Conclusion: Based on the findings of the experiments it could be deduced that bat guano seems to promote higher growth yield of tomato. Thus, it should be recommended 500 kg/ha of bat guano for growers of tomato crop in the study area.

Bat guano, tomato, growth, yield, sandy loam, Niamey.

Article Details

How to Cite
Karimou, A. H., Yadji, G., Fanna, A. G., & Idrissa, A. (2020). Effect of Different Rate of Bat Guano on Growth and Yield of Tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill) in Niamey, Niger. Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, 42(3), 34-46. https://doi.org/10.9734/jeai/2020/v42i330482
Original Research Article


Faostat; 2018.

Ghaffari H, Reza Ghassemzadeh H, Sadeghi M, Alijani S. Some physical, mechanical and chemical properties of tomato fruit related to mechanical damage and bruising models. Biological Forum. 2015;7(2):712.

Djidji Andé Hortense, Zohouri Goli Pierre, Fondio Lassina, Nzi Jean Claude, Kouame N’guessan Christophe. Effet de l’abri sur le comportement de la tomate (Solanum lycopersicum L.) en saison pluvieuse dans le Sud de la Côte-d’Ivoire. Journal of Applied Biosciences 2010;25:1557-1564. ISSN: 1997–5902

Ministère de l’Agriculture et de l’Elevage. Résultats définitifs de l’enquêtes sur les productions horticoles 2017/2018. Rapport. 2018;58.

Abdulmaliq SY, Kumar N, Bello OB, Nduka, Kareem I. Influence of poultry manure and NPK fertilizer as amendment on the performance of tomato (Solanum lycoperscum L. Moench) varieties at Lapai, Southern Guinea Savannah. Ann Biotechnol Bioeng. 2019;1(1):1003.

Khan H, Marwat KB, Khan MA, Hashim S. Herbicidal control of parthenium weed in maize. Pak. J. Bot. 2014;46(2):497- 504.

Bradea MS, Abdul-Hussain AS, Snoussi SA, Beghlal K. Effet d'un engrais biologique sur la croissance et le rendement de la tomate (Lycopersicum esculentum cerasiforme), cultivée sous serre. Revue Agrobiologia. 2015;7:33-37.

Tanimu J, Iwuafor ENO, Odunze AC, Tian G. Effect of incorporation of leguminous cover crops on yield and yield components of maize. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2007;3(2):243–249.

Hasan MM, Prasad VM, Saravanan S. Effect of FYM, NPK and micronutrients on yield of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum mill.) Cv. Heem sohna under protected cultivation. International Journal of Agricultural Science and Research (IJASR). 2014;4(1):17-26.

Nguyen HQ. Long-term effects of land application of poultry manure on crop production and soil and water quality under a corn-soybean rotation system in Iowa. Graduate Theses and Dissertations. Iowa State University. 2010;11718.

Bharambe CM, Swapna S, Patil. Impact of bat guano on degradation of water pollutants in Purna River in Buldana district, MS (India). Research Journey’ International Multidisciplinary E- Research Journal. 2015;2(4).

Relf D, McDoniel A, Tech V. Fertilizing the vegetable garden; 2002.

Codd JB, Clark, Sandeson K. Drinking by the common bent wing bat Minipter us schreibersil and calcium in cave water. Bat Research News. 1999;40(1):9-10.

Trajano E, Gnaspini P. Guano community in trophical caves. In Ecosystem of the World: Subterranean Ecosystems. 2000;251-268.

Zapata F, Arrillaga JL. Agronomic evaluation of guano sources by means of isotope. International Atomic Energy Agency Vienna, Austria. 2002;83-89.

Adekiya AO, Agbede TM. Growth and yield of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill) as influenced by poultry manure and NPK fertilizer. J. Food Agric. 2009;21(1):10- 20.

Akanni DA, Ojeniyi SO. Effect of different levels of poultry manure on soil physical properties, nutrient status, growth and yield of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentus). Res. J. Agron. 2007;1:1–4.

Ozores-Hampton Monica. Developing a vegetable fertility program using organic amendments and inorganic fertilizers. HortTechnology. 2012;22(6):743-750.

Kimba Aïssa, Ali Koura Abdoulaye, Patrick Delmas, Boubacar Danbadji Assoumane, Adamou Haougui. Les semences disponibles au Niger. Communications des sociétés GSN semences et Technisem. RECA-Niger. 3ème éd. French; 2014.

AOAC. Official methods of analysis. 18th Edn. Association of Official Analytical Chemists; Arlington, VA, USA; 2000.

Walkley A, Black IA. An examination method of the Detjareff and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Science. 1934;37:29-38.

Nelson DW, Sommers LE. Total carbon, organic carbon and organic matter. In: Sparks, D.L. (Ed.), Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 3, 2nd Edn., SSSA Book Series No. 5 ASA and SSSA, Madison WI, USA; 1996;961–1010.

Bremner JM. Nitrogen-total. In: Sparks, D.L. (Ed.), Methods of soil analysis. Part 3. Chemical Methods, Second Ed., SSSA Book Series No. 5 ASA and SSSA, Madison, WI, USA. 1996;1085–1121.

Bray RH, Kurtz LT. Determination of total organic and available forms of phosphorus in soils. Soil Science. 1945;59(1):39-45.

Frank K, Beegle D, Denning J. Phosphorus. In: Brown, J.R. (Ed.), Recommended Chemical Soil Test Procedures for the North Central Region, North Central Regional Research Publication No. 221 (revised) Missouri Agric. Exp. Stn., Columbia, MO. 1998;21–26.

Hendershot WH, Lalande H. Ion exchange and exchangeable cations. In: Carter, M. R. (Ed.). Soil Sampling and Methods of Analysis. Canadian Society of Soil Science, Lewis Publishers, London. 1993;19:167-176.

Adekiya AO, Agbede TM. Effect of methods and time of poultry manure application on soil and leaf nutrient concentrations, growth and fruit yield of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill). Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences; 2016.

Eghball B, Power JF. Composted and non-composted manure application to conventional and no-tillage systems: Corn yield and nitrogen uptake. Agron. J. 1999;91:819–825.

Naika S, van Lidt de Jeude J, Goffau M, Hilmi M, van Dam B. Cultivation of tomato production, processing and marketing. Agromisa Foundation and CTA, Wageningen. 2005;1–92.

Sridhar KR, Ashwini KM, Seena S, Sreepada KS. Manure qualities of guano of insectivorous cave bat Hipposideros speoris. Trop. Subtrop. Agroecosyst. 2006;6:103-110.

Gross RS, Berna F, Karkanas P, Weiner S. Bat guano and preservation of archaeological remains in cave sites. Journal of Archaeological Science. 2004;31:1259–72.

Mlay PS, Sagamiko F. The use of bat guano in the improvement of the nutritive value of poor quality roughage fed to ruminants in Tanzania. Veterinarski Arhiv. 2008;78(5):417–27.

Thi Sothearen, Neil M. Furey, Joel A. Jurgens. Effect of bat guano on the growth of five economically important plants species. Journal of Tropical Agriculture. 2014;52(2):169-173.

Fondio L, Djidji AH, N’gbesso MFDP, Ochou OG. Evaluation des variétés de tomate et piment pour la tolérance au flétrissement bactérien, et multiplication des semences de piment. Rapport d’activités, Convention CNRA/AVRDC, CNRA, Bouaké, Côte d’Ivoire. 2010;31.

Shetty S, Sreepada KS, Bhat R. Effect of bat guano on the growth of Vigna radiata L: Int J Sci Res. 2013;3:1-8.

Souley Maman Sadi, Addam Kiari Saidou, Morou Boubé, Jens B. Aune. Effets de la fertilisation à base de la biomasse du Sida cordifolia L. sur les performances agronomiques et la Rentabilité Économique de la Tomate (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.) en culture irriguee. European Scientific Journal. 2020;16(3). ISSN: 1857–7881 (Print) e ISSN 18577431

DOI: 10.19044/esj.2020.v16n3p127

Yin X, Hayes RM, McClure MA, Savoy HJ. Assessment of plant biomass and nitrogen nutrition with plant height in early‐to mid‐season corn. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 2012;92:2611-2617.

Reeve J, Drost D. Yields and soil quality under transitional organic high tunnel tomatoes. HortScience. 2012;47(1):38-44.

Abou El-Maged MM, Hoda AM, Fawzy ZF. Relationship, growth and yield of Broccoli with increasing N, P, K, ratio in a mixture of NPK fertilizers. Annuals of Agricultural Science Moshtohor. 2005;43(20):791–805.

Deblay S. Fertilisation et amendements. Educagri éditions, 2ème édition, Paris. 2006;129.

Ibrahim Jamilou Salissou, Saidou Addam Kiari, Sabiou Mahamane, Amadou Abdouramane Toure, Bouba Hassane. Combined effect of organic and mineral fertilizers on soil productivity in tomato production: Expériments on soils of the Coast Road of Yantala-Bas in the Sahel Springer International Publishing AG 2018 in A. Bationo, et al. (Eds.), Improving the Profitability, Sustainability and Efficiency of Nutrients through Site Specific Fertilizer Recommendations in West Africa Agro-Ecosystems.

Garane Ali, Koussao Some, Jeanne Nikiema, Mamoudou Traore, Mahamadou Sawadogo. Etude du comportement de neuf cultivars de tomates (Solanum Lycopersicum L.) dans différentes zones agro-écologiques du Burkina Faso pendant l’hivernage. Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences. 2019;40(3):6656-6673. ISSN: 2071-7024.


Kamara Muhuza M. Effet de fumier de porc sur le rendement de deux variétés hybrides F1 (Mongal et Thorgal) exotiques de tomate (Solanum lycopersicum L.) cultives sous abri a Kisangani, Université De Kisangani, 39p. Thèse de Doctorat d’État ès Sciences Naturelles, Université de Ouagadougou. 2016;290.

John LW, Jamer DB, Samuel LT, Warner LW. Soil fertility and fertilizers: An introduction to nutrient management. Pearson Education, India. 2004;106-153.

Tu C, Ristaino JB, Hu S. Soil microbial biomass and activity in organic tomato farming systems: Effects of organic inputs and straw mulching. Soil Biol. Biochem. 2006;38:247–255.

Gmaa SS. Effect of organic and bio-fertilization on tomato production. International Journal of Advanced Research. 2015;3(10):1799–1805.

Almohammedi AN, Almehemdi AF, Ajeelee RK. Impact of bat guano Otonycteris hemprichii camp and seaweed extract on some growth and yield traits of Baraka seed Nigella sativa L. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare. 2014;4(1):57–65.

Adediran JA, Taiwo LB, Sobulo RA. Effect of organic wastes and method of composting on compost maturity, nutrient composition of compost and yields of two vegetable crops. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture. 2003;22(4).

Ajayi FA, Dauda SN, Ndor E. Growth and yield of water melon (Citrullus lanatus) as affected by poultry manure application. Ejeafche. 2009;8(4):305-311.

Olasantan FO. Response of tomato and okra to nitrogen fertilizer in sole cropping and intercropping with cowpea. Journal of Horticultural Science. 1991;66:191-199.

Ewulo BS, Ojeniyi SO, Akanni DA. Effect of poultry manure on selected soil physical and chemical properties, growth, yield and nutrient status of tomato. African Journal of Agricultural Research. 2008;3(9):612-616.