Prediction of Genotypic Values and Selection Gains in Peanut Lines Derived from a Synthetic Amphidiploid

Main Article Content

Jean Pierre Cordeiro Ramos
Wellison Filgueiras Dutra
Yrlânia de Lira Guerra
Lucas Nunes da Luz
José Jaime Vasconcelos Cavalcanti
Carliane Rebeca Coelho da Silva
Soraya Leal Bertioli
David Bertioli
Roseane Cavalcanti dos Santos

Abstract

Genotypic values and selection gains were estimated in peanut lines derived from backcrossing with synthetic amphidiploid (A. batizocoi x A. duranensis)4x and a commercial cultivar, based on agronomical traits. Thirteen BC1F3 lines were grown in the field and submitted to 21 d of water suppression. Two earliness and drought tolerant cultivars (BR 1 and Senegal 55 437) were used as controls. Eight agronomic traits were adopted to characterize the lines. The estimates were based on mixed models (REML/BLUP) and Sum of Ranks Selection Index. We found that residual variance was greater than genotypic one, indicating the existence of variability within the families. Most traits showed high accuracy values. Three families showed an increased number of pods/plant, pod length and several seeds/pod. Negative gains were achieved for time for blooming and full pod maturation. As these traits are used as criteria for selection for earliness, these results favour the identification of short-cycle plants and prone to tolerate dry environments.

Keywords:
Arachis hypogaea, selection index, water stress, REML/BLUP, genetic gains.

Article Details

How to Cite
Ramos, J. P. C., Dutra, W. F., Guerra, Y. de L., Luz, L. N. da, Cavalcanti, J. J. V., Silva, C. R. C. da, Bertioli, S. L., Bertioli, D., & Santos, R. C. dos. (2020). Prediction of Genotypic Values and Selection Gains in Peanut Lines Derived from a Synthetic Amphidiploid. Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, 42(3), 119-126. https://doi.org/10.9734/jeai/2020/v42i330489
Section
Original Research Article

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