Journal of Experimental Agriculture International <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Journal of Experimental Agriculture International (2457-0591)</strong>&nbsp;is a multidisciplinary journal in the field of agriculture and biology. The journal publishes original scientific papers, short communications, review articles and case studies. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> SCIENCEDOMAIN international en-US Journal of Experimental Agriculture International 2457-0591 Structure and Successional Classification of the Shrub-Arboreal Component in a Remnant of Atlantic Forest, Northeastern Brazil <p><strong>Aims: </strong>We aimed to evaluate the structure and successional classification of component shrub-arboreal in the edge and interior environments in a remnant of Tropical Forest in Pernambuco, Brazil.</p> <p><strong>Place and Duration of Study: </strong>The study was conducted in a remnant of the Lowland Ombrophilous Dense Forest categorized as Urban Forest Reserve named Mata of Manassu, with an area approximately 264.24 ha and located in Jaboatao dos Guararapes, Pernambuco. The data were registered between March 2017 and September 2017.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> The data were collected in 40 100 m<sup>2 </sup>plots, 20 plots in each environment: edge and forest interior. The ‘‘edge’’ was considered to comprise a 100-m strip at the border of the forest and the ‘‘interior’’ at least 300 m in from this strip. In all plots, were cataloged, identified and measured the circumferences at height of the base at 30 cm from the soil of all shrub-arboreal individuals whose height were equal or greater than 1.0 meter and circumference at breast height at 1.30 m of soil, less than 15.0 cm. For the communities on the edge and forest interior were estimated: total density (TD), absolute density (AD), relative density (RD), total frequency (TF), absolute frequency (AF), relative frequency (RF), total dominance (TDo), absolute dominance (ADo), relative dominance (RDo), relative natural regeneration by height class (RNRij), total natural regeneration by height class (TNR), importance value index (IVI) and was performed the distribution analysis of individuals in three height classes using the Chi-square test with 95% significance. The sampled individuals were classified into family, genus, and species, and the species classified for the successional group (pioneers, initial secondary, late secondary or uncharacterized).</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>The environment of the edge showed the highest absolute density (10.240 ind.haˉ¹) to the forest interior (9.805 ind.haˉ¹). In both environments, it was found the high representativity of initial and late secondary species. The structural distributions of individuals by height class at the edge and interior environments showed curves shaped as inverted "J" indicating "dynamic balance" of the forest.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>The higher representativity of initial and late secondary species probably is due to the forest being in an advanced successional stage, having a structure with well-defined stratum. Among the shrub-arboreal species sampled which presented higher total natural regeneration per height class to both in the edge and forest interior and that can be used for the enrichment of areas in the recovery process of Atlantic Forest are <em>Miconia prasina</em> e <em>Eschweilera ovata</em>.</p> Nelio Domingos da Silva Luiz Carlos Marangon Ana Lícia Patriota Feliciano Marangon José Antônio Aleixo da Silva ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-14 2019-09-14 1 16 10.9734/jeai/2019/v40i530375 Efficient Microorganisms Applied to the Soil and in Cover on the Quinoa Crop <p>The present study had as objective to know the effects of the natural fertilizer, from a biological compound of Efficient Microorganisms (EM-4), applied to the soil and in cover of quinoa, over its phytotechnics properties and its production. The experiment was conducted in a greenhouse, in a totally randomized block design, in a factorial scheme 4x2+1 with three replicates. The first factor constituted of four doses of EM (3, 6, 9 and 12%) applied to the soil before sowing, the second factor was the application or not of the compound via foliar. The additional treatment was considered a control treatment without any application of EM. It was evaluated plant height, inflorescence height, stem diameter, inflorescence diameter, root length, root volume, root dry mass and production. The results indicate that the use of Efficient Microorganisms (EMs) increases the production in 40% independent of the dose applied, when compared to the control. The foliar or soil application of EM-4 did not influence in the production components and in the production of quinoa.</p> Amanda Cecato Favorito Edleusa Pereira Seidel Daniela da Rocha Hermann Patrícia Aparecida Favorito Renan Pan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-14 2019-09-14 1 6 10.9734/jeai/2019/v40i530376