Influence of Iron Nutrition on Soil Properties, Uptake and Yield of Soybean Grown on Iron Deficient Inceptisol
Issue: 2022 - Volume 44 [Issue 11]
B. M. Kamble *
Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, RCSM, College of Agriculture, Kolhapur (MS), India.
Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, RCSM, College of Agriculture, Kolhapur (MS), India.
P. N. Gajbhiye
Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Zonal Agricultural Research Station, Kolhapur (MS), India.
*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Iron (Fe) is an essential micronutrient for optimum growth and yield of crop. In calcareous soils availability of Fe is low, to correct Fe deficient soil application of Chelated Fe-EDTA is often recommended to avoid the possible nutritional disorder due to antagonistic effect of Fe with other cationic micronutrients. The present study was initiated with an objective to evaluate response of soybean crop to soil and foliar application of iron. The experiment was carried out at Agricultural Research Station, Kasbe Digraj, Dist: Sangli (MS) during kharif 2018-19. The experimental soil was alkaline, calcareous, clay in texture, low in available nitrogen, phosphorus, very high in available potassium and deficient in iron. The experiment was laid out in randomized block design with eight treatments and three replications. The treatments comprised of common application of NPK fertilizers in conjunction with 10 t FYM ha-1, soil application of FeSO4 @ 10 and 20 kg ha-1 with and without 0.2 per cent spray of chelated Fe. The results revealed that the soil pH and electrical conductivity did not differ due to different treatments however, the organic carbon content was found to be slightly improved over control. The free calcium carbonate percentage in soil also found to be statistically non-significant although it revealed slight decline from the initial value due to different iron nutrition treatments. General recommended dose of fertilizers +Soil application of FeSO4 @ 20 kg ha-1 + two foliar sprays of chelated Fe @ 0.2 per cent at 30 and 50 DAS (T8) recorded significantly higher available N, P and DTPA Fe over control treatment whereas, available K, DTPA Zn, Mn and Cu were found to be statistically non-significant due to different treatment of iron nutrition along with NPK fertilizers and organic manure. Significantly highest total uptake of N, P, K, Fe, Mn, Cu and Zn by soybean was exhibited in T8 which was either equivalent or statistically at par to GRDF + soil application of FeSO4 @ 10 kg ha-1 + two foliar sprays of chelated Fe @ 0.2% at 30 and 50 DAS (T7). In general, all the treatments of iron nutrition were statistically at par in context of soil nutrient and nutrient uptake by soybean crop. Significantly higher grain yield (2493 kg ha-1 ), straw yield (3779 kg ha-1 ) of soybean was recorded by T8 which was closely followed by T7. All the treatments of iron nutrition irrespective of method of application recorded statistically at par grain yield of soybean nonetheless, soil application of FeSO4 was found to be beneficial in correcting the initial deficient iron and zinc status in the soil. In a nutshell, it can be concluded that soil application of FeSO4 @ 10 or 20 kg ha-1 is adequate for obtaining optimum soybean yield and sustaining soil fertility in an iron deficient, slightly calcareous Inceptisol soil.
Keywords: Iron nutrition, soil properties, nutrient status, uptake, yield
How to Cite
Dwevedi, A and Kayastha, AM Soybean a multifaceted legume with enormous economic capabilities. Soybean-Biochemistry, Chemistry and Physiology, 2011;In Tech Europe University Campus, Croatia.
Chauhan GS, Verma, NS Basin, GS. Effect of extrusion processing on the nutritional quality of protein in rice legume blends. Nahrung. 1988;32:43-47.
Khalifa Y. A. M.a , Fakkar A. A. O. Study the influence of preceding crops and weed control treatments on nodules, weeds and soybean production. Archives Agric. Sci. J. 2020;3:27-44.
Anonymous Area production estimates of soybean in India Kharif. email@example.com; 2017.
Caliskan S, Ozkaya, I, Caliskan ME Arslan, M. The effects of nitrogen and iron fertilization on growth, yield and fertilizer use efficiency of soybean in a Mediterranean-type soil. J Field Crops Res. 2008;108:126-132.
Kim J, Rees DC. Structural models for the metal centers in the nitrogenous molybdenum-iron protein. Science. 1992; 257;1677-82.
Siedow J.N. Plant lipoxygenase: Structure and function. Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. Plant Mol. Biol., 1991; 42; 145-188.
Zayed BA, Salem, AKM El Sharkawy, HM. Effect of different micronutrient treatments on rice (oryza sativa L.) growth and yield under saline soil conditions. World J.Agric Sci. 2011;7(2): 179-184.
Hanwate GR, Giri SN, Yelvikar NV. Effect of foliar application of micronutrients on nutrient uptake by soybean crop. International Journal of Pure Applied Bioscience 2018;6 (5):261-265.
Odeley F, Animashaun, MO. Effects of nutrient foliar spray on soybean growth and yield (Glycine max L.) in southwest Nigeria. Notulae Botanicae Horti. Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca. 2007;35(2): 452-461.
Bybordi. A, Malakoti, MJ. Effect of iron, manganese, zinc and copper on qualitative and quantitative traits of wheat under salinity condition. J Soil and Water Sci. 2003;17(2):140-149.
Jackson, ML. Soil Chemical Analysis. 1973; Prentice Hall of India. Private Limited New Delhi, pp 498.
Nelson DW, Sommers LE. Total carbon, organic carbon and organic matter. In: Methods of soil Analysis, Part II. Chemical and microbiological properties second edition. ed. American Society Agronomy Inc and Soil Science Society American Inc. Madison. 1982;539-579.
Piper CS. Soil and plant analysis. Hans Publication Bombay Asian. Ed. 1966;368.
Subbiah BV, Asija, GL. A rapid procedure for the estimation of available nitrogen in soils. Current Sci. 1956;25:259-260.
Olsen SR, Coles CV, Watanabe FS, Dean, LN. Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. USDA Circular. 1954;939.
Knudsen DA, Peterson GA, Pratt, PF. Lithium, sodium and potassium In AL Page (ed). Method Soil Analysis Part. 1982;225-246.
Lindsay WL, Norvell WA. Development of DTPA soil test for zinc, iron, manganese and copper. Soil Sci. Society of America J. 1978; 42:421-428.
Parkinson JA, Allen SE. A wet oxidation procedure suitable for the determination of nitrogen and other mineral nutrients in biological material. Commun in Soil Sci and Plant Anal. 1975; 6: 7-11.
Zasoski RJ, Burau RG. A rapid nitric perchloric and digestion method for multi-element tissue analysis. Commun in Soil Sci and Plant Anal. 1977; 8:425-436.
Panse VG, Sukhatme PV. Statistical method of Agricultural workers, ICAR, New Delhi . 1985;143-147.
Han Si Ho, Ji Young An, Jaehong Hwang, Se Bin Kim, Byung Bae Park. The effects of organic manure and chemical fertilizer on the growth and nutrient concentrations of yellow poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera Lin) in a nursery system. Forest Scie.Techn. 2016;1-7.
Singh SK, Saxena HK, Das, TK. The effect of kind of micronutrients and their method of application of mungbean under Zaid conditions. Annual Agric Res. 1998; 19:454-457.
Jagadeesha N, Srinivasulu GB, Rathnakar M Shet, Umesh MR, Gajanana Kustagi B, Ravikumar Madhu L, Reddy VC. Effect of organic manures on physical, chemical and biological properties of soil and crop yield in finger millet-red gram intercropping system. Internat Jl Current Micro App Sci. 2019;8(5):1378-1386.
Mairan NR, Dhawan AS, Zote AK, Patil SG, Jeughale, JS. Effect of organic and inorganic sources of nutrients on the physico-chemical properties under different cropping system in Vertisol. Internat JTropical Agric. 2016;34(6):1575-1581.
Mostafavi, K. Grain yield and yield components of soybean upon application of different micronutrient foliar fertilizers at different growth stages. Internat J Agric. 2012;2:389-394.
Bhandari AL, Ladha JK, Pathak H, Padre AT, Dawe D, Gupta, RK. Yield and soil and nutrient changes in a long-term rice-cowpea cropping system in semi-arid tropics. Plant and Soil 2002; 318:27-35.
Singh M, Reddy SR, Singh VP, Rupa, TR. Phosphorus availability to rice (Oriza sativa L.)-wheat (Triticum estivum L.) in a Vertisol after eight years of inorganic and organic fertilizer additions. Bioresource Techn 2007;98 (7): 1474-1481.
Abbas G, Khan MQ, Khan MJ, Hussain F, Hussain I. Effect of iron on the growth and yield contributing parameters of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). J Animal and Plant Sci. 2009;19:135-139.
Rahman MM, Bhuiyan MMH, Sutradhar GNC, Rahman MM, Paul AK. Effect of phosphorus, molybdenum and rhizobium inoculation on yield and yield attributes of Mungbean. Internat J Sustainable Crop Prod. 2008;3:26-33.
Mortvedt, J, Giordano, PM and Lindsay, WL Micronutrients in agriculture. Soil Science Society America Inc. 1972;319-346.
Farid H. Effect of iron management practices on groundnut-maize cropping sequences in calcareous Vertisol. Ph D Thesis, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad; 2004.
Manna MS, Takkar PN, Bansal RL, Randhawa NS. Micronutrient status of soil and yield of maize and wheat as influenced by micronutrient and farm Yard manure application. Journal Indian Soc of Soil Sci. 1978;28:208-214.
Jarecki M. Interaction of organic manures and mineral fertilizers and its effects on quantity and quality of yields and chemical properties of light Soil. Rozpraw, Akademia-Rolniczaw-Szczecinie 1991;132: 106.
Jalali BK, Bhat VK, Handoo GM. DTPA extractable micronutrient cations as influenced by added organic matter and moisture regimes in dominant soil groups of Kashmir. Alternative/Appropriate Techn Agric. 1990;4: 1–7.
Reddy BG, Reddy MS. Effect of organic manures and nitrogen levels on soil available nutrients status in maize-soybean cropping system. Journal Indian Soc of Soil Sci.1998;46:474 - 476.
Das DK. Introductory Soil Science, Kalyani Publishers, Ludhiana; 1996.
Meena KK, Meena RS, Kumawat SM. Effect of sulphur and iron fertilization on productivity of mungbean. Indian J Agric Sci. 2013; 83: 472-476.
Kumar V, Dwivedi VN, Tiwari DD. Effect of phosphorus and iron on yield and mineral nutrition in chickpea. Annal Plant Soil Res. 2009;11:16-18.
Jawaharlal M, Sundar RS, Veeragavatham D. Influence of the method of application of zinc and iron on the major nutrient content of onion. South Indian Hort. 1988; 36:308-312.
Sakal R, Singh BP, Singh AP. Iron nutrition of rice and maize influenced by iron carrier and compost application in calcareous soil. Journal Indian Soc of Soil Sci. 1982;30:190-193.
Patel D, Arvadia MK, Patel AJ. Effect of integrated nutrient management on growth, yield and nutrient uptake by chickpea on Vertisols of south Gujarat. J Food Legumes 2007; 20: 113-114.
Van Der Vorm, PDJ, Van Diest, A. Aspects of the Fe and Mn nutrition of rice plants I Iron-and manganese uptake by rice plants, grown under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. Plant and Soil. 1979;51:233- 246.
Kandoliya RU, Kunjadia BB. Effect soil and foliar application of zinc and iron on micronutrients uptake by wheat in calcareous soil of Saurashtra region. European J Biotech and Biosci 6: 2018; 65-69.
Moosavi Ali Akbar, Ronaghi Abdolmajid. Influence of foliar and soil applications of iron and manganese on soybean dry matter yield and iron-manganese relationship in a Calcareous soil. Australian J Crop Sci 2011; 5(12) 1550-1556.
Sale RB, Nazirkar RB, Ritu ST, Nilam, BK. Effect of foliar spray of zinc, iron and seed priming with molybdenum on growth and yield attributes and quality of soybean in the rainfed condition of Vertisol. Internat J Chem Studies. 2017; 6: 828- 831.
Rehman A, Shah Z. Yield and N2 fixation of pea (Pisum Sativum L) as inﬂuenced by Mo and Fe application in alkaline calcareous soil. Sarhad J. Agric. 2018; 34, 616-631.