Evaluation of Sugarcane (Saccharum spp. hybrids) Clones for Yield and Quality and Its Contributing Traits

S. Ganapathy *

Agricultural College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, India.

J. Jayakumar

Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK), TNAU, Vridhachalam, TN, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Evaluation and identification of varieties for different agro-climatic condition is of prime importance in sugarcane cultivation for farmers. The present investigation was undertaken with the objective of evaluation of sugarcane clones for yield and quality and its contributing traits. The Experimental materials consist of five test clones viz., CoA 13322, CoA 13323, CoC 13336, CoC 13337 and CoV 13356 and two standard checks (CoC 01061 and CoA 92081). Observations were recorded for germination per cent (%), number of tillers (x1000/ha), number of millable cane (x1000/ha), cane length (cm), Cane diameter (cm), Single cane weight (kg), cane yield (t/ha), brix (%), Purity (%), sucrose (%), CCS (%) and CCS yield (t/ha). Based on the results of the different clones for different traits evaluated, the clone CoC 13336 was found the best performing clone in respect of cane yield (140.71 t/ha), CCS yield (18.23 t/ha) and other important traits over the standards (checks). The clone CoC 13337 was the next best performing clone for cane yield (139.92 t/ha), CCS yield (17.93 t/ha) and other traits over the standards and these two clones may be promoted for further evaluation trial for the release new sugarcane variety suitable for early season of Tamil Nadu.

Keywords: Sugarcane, clones, evaluation, cane yield, sucrose % and CCS yield


How to Cite

Ganapathy , S., and J. Jayakumar. 2023. “Evaluation of Sugarcane (Saccharum Spp. Hybrids) Clones for Yield and Quality and Its Contributing Traits”. Journal of Experimental Agriculture International 45 (7):113-18. https://doi.org/10.9734/jeai/2023/v45i72140.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Sugarcane Statistics- India; 2020. Available: https://www.statista.com

Mian AM. Sugarcane variety composition in Pakistan In: Proceedings of Seminars on Agriculture, Pakistan Society of Sugar Technologists, Faisalabad. 2006;107-121.

Chattha MU, Ehsanullah. Agro-quantitative and qualitative performance of different cultivars and strains of sugarcane (Saccharum officeinarum, L.). Pakistan Sugar J. 2003;18(6):2-5.

Ganapathy S, Purushothaman RS. Performance of promising early maturing sugarcane clones for yield and quality traits during varietal development process. Electronic J. Plant Breed. 2017;8(1):279 - 282.

Sharath Kumar Reddy Y, Naga Madhuri KV, Raja Rajeswari V, Sudhakar P. Evaluation of different Morpho-Physiological traits of pre-release early sugarcane clones. Int. J. Applied Biol. and Pharmaceutical Technology. 2014;5(3): 233-238.

Getaneh A, Tadesse F, Ayele N. Agronomic performance evaluation of ten sugarcane varieties under wonji-Shoa Agro climatic condition. J. Agrl. Natural Resources Sci. 2015;2(1):260-266.

Meade CP, Chen JCP. Cane sugar hand book. 10th Edn. John Wiley & Sons Inc, New York; 1977.

Panse VG, Sukhatme PV. Statistical methods for Agricultural Workers. ICAR, New Delhi; 1978.

Ganapathy S, Purushothaman RS. Evaluation of early maturing sugarcane clones for yield, quality and its contributing traits in east coast zone of Tamil Nadu. Int. J. of Plant Soil. Sci. 2022;34(20):575-581.

Ganapathy S, Purushothaman RS. Evaluation and identification of high yielding and high quality early maturing sugarcane clones suitable for East Coast Zone. Advances in Life sciences. 2016; 5(11);4555-4559.

Panhwar RN, Chohan M, Panhwar DB, Memon MA, Memon YM, Panhwar MA. Relative cane yield and quality appraisal of divergent sugarcane clones in 4th cycle under Thatta climatic conditions. Pak. Sugar Journal. 2008;23(1):15-20.

Ganapathy S, Ravichandran V. Evaluation and identification of promising sugarcane clones for yield, quality and resistance to red rot suitable for India's East Coast Zone. Int. J. of Agric. Sci. 2022;14(12): 11991-11994.

Sabitha N, Prasada Rao K. Promising high yielding and sucrose rich early maturing sugarcane clones for Andhra Pradesh. Sugar Journal 2008 – 39th Annual Convention of SISSTA. 2008;11-14.

Ganapathy S, Ravichandran V, Jayakumar J. Performance of mid-late sugarcane clones in AICRP(S) trials for quality traits and red rot resistance. Int. J. of Plant Soil. Sci. 2022;34(24);1068-1073.

Hapase RS, et al. Sugar productivity assessment of early maturing sugarcane genotypes in Peninsular India. Sugar Journal 2013 - 43rd Annual Convention of SISSTA. 2013;29-33.

Ganapathy S, Ravichandran V. Evaluation of mid-late sugarcane clones for yield, quality and red rot resistance in zonal varietal trials. Annals of Plant Protection Sciences. 2018;26(1):142- 146.

Nirmodh Prabha. Evaluation of early group of sugarcane genotypes for yield and quality traits. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 2021;10(02):648- 652.