Bio-fortification and Its Impact on Global Health

Ashoka P.

Agricultural Research Station, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad, Hanumanmatti(p), Ranebennur(tq), Haveri District–581 115, Karanataka State, India.

Sangeeta

Department of Home Science (Food and Nutrition), RGWPG College, India.

B. Spandana

All India Coordinated Research Project on Women in Agriculture, Professor Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

D. R. K. Saikanth

SRF, ICAR-ATARI, ZONE-X Hyderabad, India.

Amit Kesarwani

Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture, G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand, India.

Monika Nain

Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, India.

Shivam Kumar Pandey

Rashtriya Raksha University, India.

Bal Veer Singh *

Department of Agronomy, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur Uttar Pradesh, India.

C. L. Maurya

Department of Seed Science and Technology Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Biofortification, the process of increasing the density of vitamins and minerals in a crop through plant breeding, agronomic practices, or biotechnology, is being increasingly recognized as a cost-effective and sustainable strategy to address micronutrient malnutrition globally. This comprehensive review provides an in-depth analysis of the role of biofortification in improving global health, with a particular focus on its impact on micronutrient deficiencies, public health, and socioeconomic aspects, along with the challenges and opportunities it presents. The review is timely and relevant, given the persistent challenge of micronutrient malnutrition and the growing interest in sustainable nutrition strategies. It addresses gaps in the current understanding by synthesizing the latest research on various aspects of biofortification and providing insights into its potential and challenges. Biofortification encompasses various methods, from traditional breeding to modern biotechnological approaches. Numerous successful examples of biofortified crops, like Golden Rice and High Iron Beans, underscore its potential. These crops have been demonstrated to contribute significantly to reducing deficiencies of essential micronutrients like iron, vitamin A, and zinc, thereby positively influencing public health outcomes. The review also explores the wider impact of biofortification, including its economic benefits and influence on food security and farmer livelihoods. Acceptance by farmers and consumers and the sociocultural context are highlighted as crucial factors for the successful implementation of biofortification initiatives. Biofortification faces several challenges, ranging from technical issues in the biofortification process, including genetic limitations and bioavailability concerns, to political and regulatory hurdles. Additionally, the environmental impact and sustainability of biofortified crops are critical considerations. Despite these challenges, opportunities exist for future research and development, such as expanding the scope of biofortification, harnessing advanced breeding techniques, and integrating biofortification with other nutrition strategies.

Keywords: Biofortification, malnutrition, biotechnology, sustainability, micronutrients


How to Cite

Ashoka P., Sangeeta, B. Spandana, D. R. K. Saikanth, Amit Kesarwani, Monika Nain, Shivam Kumar Pandey, Bal Veer Singh, and C. L. Maurya. 2023. “Bio-Fortification and Its Impact on Global Health”. Journal of Experimental Agriculture International 45 (10):106-15. https://doi.org/10.9734/jeai/2023/v45i102203.

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