Enhancing Uniform Sprouting, Yield, and Quality in Grapevines: The Impact of Hydrogen Cyanamide (50% S.L) Treatment

H. D. Kokare *

Lovely Professional University, Jalandhar, Punjab, 144411, India.

S. D. Ramteke

ICAR-National Research Centre for Grapes, P. B. No. 3, Manjri Farm Post, Pune, 412 307, India.

S. Varma

ICAR-National Research Centre for Grapes, P. B. No. 3, Manjri Farm Post, Pune, 412 307, India.

N. V. Sawant

ICAR-National Research Centre for Grapes, P. B. No. 3, Manjri Farm Post, Pune, 412 307, India.

A. R. Mapari

ICAR-National Research Centre for Grapes, P. B. No. 3, Manjri Farm Post, Pune, 412 307, India.

D. Banerjee

ICAR-National Research Centre for Grapes, P. B. No. 3, Manjri Farm Post, Pune, 412 307, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Grape (Vitis vinifera L.) is considered as one of the most important commercial fruit crops in temperate, tropical and subtropical regions of the world. In India grape cultivation in tropical and subtropical regions assumes great significance, but one of the biggest issues preventing grapes from being produced in warm climates has been the lack of or insufficient winter chilling. Under these circumstances, there is uneven bud bursting, flowering, and delayed fruit development. The most crucial component of grape development is, consistent bud breaking is required to increase grape quality and maturity. Many plant growth regulators are used to promote bud burst and increase the proportion of bud break. Several locations across the world utilize plant growth regulators to intentionally cause bud break. The application of Hydrogen Cyanamide (H2CN2) during pruning time of grapes, helps to enhance growth uniformity, encourage earlier and more even bud break, raises the proportion of fruit buds, berry set, number of clusters per vine, weight of clusters, and dimensions of clusters. It also gives positive response to various metabolic activities; maximize yield and Maturity, Fruit quality, as well as production efficiency. In grape orchards, it is commonly used to promote consistent and improved bud burst, shortened flowering period, and boost output.

Keywords: Hydrogen cyanamide, bud break, sprouting, flowering, fruit quality


How to Cite

Kokare, H. D., Ramteke, S. D., Varma, S., Sawant, N. V., Mapari, A. R., & Banerjee, D. (2024). Enhancing Uniform Sprouting, Yield, and Quality in Grapevines: The Impact of Hydrogen Cyanamide (50% S.L) Treatment. Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, 46(5), 56–67. https://doi.org/10.9734/jeai/2024/v46i52356

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