Characterizing the Agro-morphological Diversity of Corchorus olitorius L. Accessions in Botswana

Senewa Bobby Pholoma *

Crop and Soil Sciences Department, Botswana University of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Botswana.

Goitseone Malambane

Crop and Soil Sciences Department, Botswana University of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Botswana.

Joseph Adjetey

Crop and Soil Sciences Department, Botswana University of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Botswana.

Seoleseng Tshwenyane

Crop and Soil Sciences Department, Botswana University of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Botswana.

Gulelat Haki

Food Science and Technology Department, Botswana University of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Botswana.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Aim: To evaluate the genetic diversity of the local and exotic accessions of this important crop.

Study Design: The experiment was laid in a Random Complete Block Design (RCBD).

Place and Duration of the Study: The pot experiment was carried in a greenhouse at the Botswana University of Agriculture and Natural Resources, BUAN, Botswana. Study was conducted during January - May 2022.

Methodology: The 49 accessions were planted in plastic bags in replications -. In each pot four seeds were sown and after emergence thinned to two plants per pot. The morphological characteristics were measured and recorded based on quantitative and qualitative traits following the International Board of Plant Genetic Resources (IPBGR) descriptors for Corchorus spp.   

Results: Results from the analysis of variance, simple correlation and multivariate analysis demonstrated high variation among the studied accessions. Accessions such as Bafia, Aziga, ExCameroon, Local big leaves, TOT6684, MLJM4, MLJM5, SUD2, SUD3 had the highest fresh leaf biomass compared to other accessions and could be used as potential parental lines for improvement in leaf yield. Amongst the studied accessions, Delele2, Delele3, Panda and Panda1 (all from Botswana) had few numbers of days to 50% flowering, therefore can be selected for early maturity, a mechanism that most of plants used to escape the abiotic stress. Significant correlation between the leaf yield and related attributes indicated the potential accessions to use for foliage yield improvement. The principal component analysis results revealed that variations in the accessions and the cluster analysis grouped the accessions based on similarities of the morphological characters and to  limited extent on their geographical origin.

Conclusions: Significant variations were found among all the accessions used in this experiment for the studied morphological characters indicating the extent of genetic variability present among them. Irrespective of origins, more diversity was observed for all the traits in the studied accessions.

Keywords: Botswana, multivariate analysis, variability, leaf yield, seed yield, early maturity


How to Cite

Pholoma, S. B., Malambane , G., Adjetey , J., Tshwenyane , S., & Haki , G. (2024). Characterizing the Agro-morphological Diversity of Corchorus olitorius L. Accessions in Botswana . Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, 46(5), 128–145. https://doi.org/10.9734/jeai/2024/v46i52364

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Mbaye MS, Noba K, Sarr RS, Kane A, Sambou JM, Tidiane BAA. Eléments de précision sur la systématique d’espèces adventices du genre Corchorus l. (tiliaceae) au sénégal. African Journal of Science and Technology. 2001;2(1):51-64.

Edmonds JM. Herbarium survey of African Corchorus l. species. systematic and ecogeographic studies on crop genepools 4. Rome: IBPGR; 1990.

Benor S, Jorg F, Blatter FR. Genome size variation in Corchorus olitorius and its correlation with elevation and phenotypic traits. NRC Research Press. 2010;54:575-585.

Schippers, R.R. African Indigenous Vegetables. An Overview of the Cultivated Species. Natural Resources Institute/ACP-EU Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation, Chatham. 2000;214.

Maseko I, Ncube B, Mabhandhi T, Tesfay S, Chomoyo V, Araya HT, Plooy CP, Fessehazion M. Nutritional quality of selected African leafy vegetable cultivated under varying water regimes and different harvest age. Thesis; 2019.

Mavengaham S, Clercg W, Mc Lachlan M. Effects of soil amendements on yield of wild okra (Corchorus olitorius L) in northern Kwazulu Natal, South Africa. South Africa Journal of Plant and Soil. 2016;33(2).

Al Batran R, Al-bayaty F, Abdulla MA. Gastroprotective effects of Corchorus olitorius leaf extract against ethanol-induced gastric mucosal hemorrhagic lesions in rats. Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. 2013;28:1321–1329.

Racha A, Yakoub B, Abdehedi O. Flavonoids, phenols, antioxidants, and antimicrobial activities in various extracts from Tossa jute leaf (Corchorus olitorius), Industrial Crops and Products. 2018;(1): 118-213.

Mbaye MS, Noba K, Sarr RS, Kane A, Sambou JM, Tidiane BAA. Clarifications on the systematics of weed species of the genus Corchorus l. (tiliaceae) in Senegal. African Journal of Science and Technology. 2001;2(1):51-64.

Bashandy, El-Shaieny Abdel-Haleem A H. Morphological and Molecular Marker Screening for Drought Tolerance in Egyptian Jew's Mallow (Corchorus olitorius L.) Landraces. Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis. 2012;69(1):79–89.

Adebo HO, Ahoton LE, Quanum F, Ezin V. Agro Morphological Characterization of Corchorus olitorius cultivar of Benin. Annual Research and Review in Botany. 2015;7(4):229 – 240.

Ngomuo M, Stoilova TS, Olayinka BN, Lateeef AA, Garuba T, Olahan GS, Tiamiyi BB. Abdulrahman AA. Molecular characterization of some accessions of corchrous olitorous L, 2017;1(2):213-217.

Gab Alla MMM, Abdelkhalek AA, Eryan NL, Farag SS. Response of some Bread Wheat Genotypes to Less Irrigation Water. J. of Plant Production, Mansoura Univ. 2019;10(11):917-927.

Fufa H, Baenzinger PS, Beecher BS, Dweikat I, Graybosh RA, Eskridge KM. Comparison of phenotypic and molecular marker-based classifications of hard red winter wheat. Euphytica, 2005;145(1-2):133-146.

Denton OA, Nwangburuka CC. Morphological diversity among Corchorus olitorius accessions based on single linkage cluster analysis and principal component analysis. Jordan Journal of Biological Sciences. 2012;5(3):191-196.

Osawaru ME, Ogwi MC, Aiwansoba RO. Hierarchial approaches to the analysis of genetic diversity in plants, A systematic overview. University of Mauritius Research Journal. 2015;21:1-36.

Arlette A, Estelle LYL, Zaki B, Donald B, Tiburce O, Hounnankpon Y, Alexandre D. Agromorphological characterization of jute (Corchorus olitorius L.) landraces in Central region of Benin Republic. Int. J. Adv. Res. Biol. Sci. 2019;6(11):96-107.

Denton OA, Nwangburuka CC. Morphological diversity among Corchorus olitorius accessions based on single linkage cluster analysis and principal component analysis. Jordan Journal of Biological Sciences. 2012;5(3):191-196. 16.

Dube SP, Marais D, Mavengahama S, Margaretha Van Jaarsveld C & Shegro Gerrano A,.Characterisation of agro-morphological traits of Corchorus accessions. Soil & Plant Science, 2018;69(2)126-134. DOI: 10.1080/09064710.2018.1514419

Adeyinka AC, Akintade MJ. Morphological characterization and hybridization in four accessions of Corchorus. J Biol Nat. 2015;4:179–192.

Maina FNW, Muasya RM, Gohole LS. 2012. Morphological characterization of jute mallow, Corchorus sp. to assess its genetic diversity in Western Kenya. Baraton Interdisciplin Res J. 2012;2:21–29.

Jui SA, Mukul MM, Nur IJ, Ghosh RK. Cluster analysis of Corchorus capsularis jute based on agro-morphological characters to isolate high-yielding genotypes for breeding purposes. International Journal of Agricultural and Applied Sciences. 2022;3(1):29-36.

Yang J, Li Y, Cao H, Yao H, Han W and Sun S. Yield-Maturity Relationships of Summer Maize from 2003 to 2017 in the Huanghuaihai Plain of China. Scientific report; 2019 DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-47561-2

Adeyemo OA, Ayodele OO, Ajisafe MO, Okinedo UE, Adeoye DO, Afanou AB, Akinsemoyin FA, Ogunjobi OO, Kasali OJ, Chukwudir EE. Evaluation of dark jute SSR markers and morphological traits in genetic diversity assessment of jute mallow (Corchorus olitorius L.) cultivar. Soth African Journal of Botany. 2020;137(2021): 290-297.

Ngomuo M, Stoilova T, Feyissa T, Ndakidemi PA. Characterization of morphological diversity of jute mallow (Corchorus spp). Int J Agronom. 2017:1–12.

Madisa M, Mathowa T, Mpofu C, Stephen N, Machacha S. Effects of chicken manure and commercial fertilizers on performance of Corchorus olitorius. Agriculture and Biology Journal of North America. 2013;4(6):617-622.

Gosh RK, Sreewongchai T, Nakasathien S, Phumichai C. Phenotypic variation and the relationships among jute (Corchorus spp) genotypes using morpho. Agronomic traits and multivariate analysis. Australian Journal of Crop Science. 2013;7(6); 830-842.

Bisen NK, Sarvade S, Gaur VS, Gautam K. Ethnobotany of Valuable Medicinal Plants Available in Chhattisgarh Plane Region of Balaghat District, Madhya Pradesh. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 2021;1: 1-10.

Sarvade S, Gupta B, Singh, M. Composition, diversity and distribution of tree species in response to changing soil properties with increasing distance from water source — A case study of Gobind Sagar reservoir in India. Journal of Mountain Science. 2016a;13(3): 522–533.

Sarvade S, Gupta B. Singh M. Soil carbon storage potential of different land use systems in upstream catchment area of Gobind Sagar reservoir, Himachal Pradesh. Indian Journal of Soil Conservation. 2016b;44(2):112–119.

Sarvade S. Agroforestry: Refuge for biodiversity conservation. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science & Engineering. 2014;2(5): 424-429.

Gupta B, Sarvade S, Mahmoud A. Effects of selective tree species on phytosociology and production of understorey vegetation in mid-Himalayan region of Himachal Pradesh. Range Manag Agrofor. 2015; 36(2):156–163.