A Comprehensive Review on Future of Smart Farming and Its Role in Shaping Food Production

Deepasree A *

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Navsari Agricultural University, Gujarat 396450, India.

Swati Singh

Department of Agronomy, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture & Technology, Meerut, India.


Department of Plant Pathology, NMCA College, Navsari, Gujarat-396450, India.

Nilesh Sharma

Department of Agriculture, Jagannath University, Chaksu, Jaipur (Raj.), India.

Sandeep Rout

Faculty of Agriculture, Sri Sri University, Cuttack, Odisha -754006, India.

B. Saritha

Department of Botany, Justice Basheer Ahmed Sayeed College for women (SIET College) (Autonomous), Teynampet, Chennai-600018, Tamil Nadu, India.

Saransh Kumar Gautam

Department of Silviculture & Agroforestry Rani Lakshmi Bai Central Agricultural University, Jhansi, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


The advent of smart farming represents a pivotal shift in agricultural practices, integrating advanced technologies such as the Internet of Things (IoT), artificial intelligence (AI), robotics, and gene editing to enhance food production efficiency, sustainability, and global food security. This comprehensive review explores the multifaceted dimensions of smart farming, including its implementation across diverse global contexts, the profound impacts on food production, the challenges and concerns associated with its adoption, and the prospective future directions shaped by emerging technologies and innovations. By analyzing case studies and current research, the review highlights how precision agriculture, IoT sensors, and data analytics have significantly increased crop yields and resource use efficiency, underscoring the role of smart farming in promoting sustainable agricultural practices and reducing environmental footprints. However, the adoption of smart farming technologies is not without challenges, including technical limitations, data privacy and security concerns, socio-economic and ethical considerations, such as job displacement and animal welfare. The review also discusses the crucial role of government policy, international collaboration, and education in facilitating the adoption of smart farming technologies and addressing these challenges. As the agricultural sector stands on the brink of a technological revolution, this review emphasizes the need for continuous innovation, robust support frameworks, and inclusive strategies to ensure that the benefits of smart farming are realized equitably  across the global agricultural landscape, paving the way for a more sustainable and secure food future.

Keywords: Smart farming, sustainability, IoT, robotics, precision agriculture, gene editing

How to Cite

Deepasree A, Singh , S., Divyashree, Sharma, N., Rout , S., Saritha , B., & Gautam , S. K. (2024). A Comprehensive Review on Future of Smart Farming and Its Role in Shaping Food Production. Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, 46(5), 486–493. https://doi.org/10.9734/jeai/2024/v46i52401


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