Productivity and Profitability of Fodder oat (Avena sativa L.) as Affected by Integrated Nutrient Management: A Review

Manpreet Kour *

AICRP-WM, SKUAST-Jammu, India.

M.C. Dwivedi

SKUAST-Jammu, India.

Aliahmad Abdul rahimzai

SKUAST-Jammu, India.

Simrandeep Kour

SKUAST-Jammu, India.

Prabhjeet Singh

Division of Plant Breeding, SKUAST Jammu, India.

Ranjeet Singh Bochalya

Department of Agronomy, MS Swaminathan School of Agriculture Shoolini University of Biotechnology and Management Sciences, Solan H.P, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Fodder oats (Avena sativa L.) is a valuable feed resource for livestock, providing high-quality forage rich in nutrients essential for animal health and productivity. This review summarizes the key components and benefits of integrated nutrient management in fodder oats cultivation. Organic inputs such as farmyard manure, compost, and green manure enhance soil quality while inorganic fertilizers provide essential macro and micronutrients necessary for robust crop growth and yield.Various researchers found that higher green and dry fodder yields were obtained with the application of Farmyard Manure @ 5 t/ha + 50 percent of the recommended dose of fertilizers (329.76- 518.32 q ha-1) and 75% RDF along with 2 t Poultry manure ha-1 (77.57- 91.31 q ha-1 ). While 75% recommended dose of fertilizer (RDF)+Zn + plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR)+residual farm yard manure (R-FYM) and 100%RDF + Zn + R-FYM significantly increased fodder quality traits- Crude protein (9.44-10.10%), ether extract (4.5-5%), total ash yield (33.8-34.6%), ADF and NDF. Uptake of N, K, P, S and Mn by oat crop was highest at 75% NPK+2.5t Vermicompost +10kg Mn+20kg S ha-1. Higher net returns per ha were obtained by integrated nutrient management treatment of FYM @ 5 t/ha + 50 percent of the recommended dose of fertilizers and the application of 75% RDF (60:40 NP) kg ha-1 along with 2 t poultry manure ha-1. Thus Integrated nutrient sources increased the yield and quality of fodder oat besides enhancing profitability.

Keywords: Integrated nutrient management, nutritional quality, soil health, productivity, farmyard manure, green manure


How to Cite

Kour, M., Dwivedi, M., rahimzai, A. A., Kour, S., Singh, P., & Bochalya, R. S. (2024). Productivity and Profitability of Fodder oat (Avena sativa L.) as Affected by Integrated Nutrient Management: A Review. Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, 46(6), 120–130. https://doi.org/10.9734/jeai/2024/v46i62464

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