Potential of Plant Based Metallophytes for Phytoremediation in Agriculture

Smriti

University Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Chandigarh University, Gharuan, Punjab-140 413, India.

Akanksha Rai

University Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Chandigarh University, Gharuan, Punjab-140 413, India.

Shubham *

University Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Chandigarh University, Gharuan, Punjab-140 413, India.

Shilpa Kaushal

University Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Chandigarh University, Gharuan, Punjab-140 413, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Metallophytes are the unique group of plants that have evolved to thrive in metal rich environments and have drawn plenty of attention. Remediating heavy metal contaminated places with plants is an effective choice due to phytoremediation, an environmentally friendly method that uses plants to mitigate the pollution. Metallophytes are ideal options for phytoremediation applications due to their inherent traits such as hyper-accumulation, efficient metal absorption and tolerance mechanisms impacting both the plant and soil. These plants absorb and translocate heavy metals, detoxifying the soil while accumulating them in tissues. This reduces metal toxicity in soil and holds potential for resources recovery. The role of metallophytes in phytoremediation is analysed in this review with particular focus given to their ways of metal absorption, translocation and detoxification. Metallophytes have high metal tolerance and accumulation capacities due to their unique physiological and biochemical adaptations including enhanced metal sequestration in vacuoles, metal chelation by phytochelatins and activation of anti-oxidant defence systems. This review also highlights the significance of metallophytes in enhancing the soil health, reducing metal bioavailability, and promoting the ecological sustainability as well as their potential for restoring contaminated ecosystems. Utilizing the unique capabilities of metallophytes obtained from plants possesses enormous possibilities to minimise the negative effects of heavy metal pollution, protect ecosystems, and promote sustainable development for future generations. Eventually, it outlines future research approaches that aim to enhance metallophytes based phytoremediation strategies, widen their implementation and include them in holistic approaches for environmental restoration and sustainable land management.

Keywords: Metallophytes, phytoremediation, environmental restoration, heavy metals, soil health, ecosystem


How to Cite

, S., Rai , A., Shubham, & Kaushal , S. (2024). Potential of Plant Based Metallophytes for Phytoremediation in Agriculture. Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, 46(6), 154–161. https://doi.org/10.9734/jeai/2024/v46i62467

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