Nutrient Balance and Nutrient Use Efficiency of Irrigated Pigeon Pea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.] under Various Integrated Nutrient Management Practices

Pradeep TS *

Division of Agronomy, School of Agricultural Sciences, Karunya Institute of Technology and Sciences, Coimbatore-641 114, Tamil Nadu, India.

Vanathi D

Division of Agronomy, School of Agricultural Sciences, Karunya Institute of Technology and Sciences, Coimbatore-641 114, Tamil Nadu, India.

Udhya Kumar K

Division of Agronomy, School of Agricultural Sciences, Karunya Institute of Technology and Sciences, Coimbatore-641 114, Tamil Nadu, India.

Mohana Priya R

Division of Agronomy, School of Agricultural Sciences, Karunya Institute of Technology and Sciences, Coimbatore-641 114, Tamil Nadu, India.

Balaganesh B

Division of Soil Science, Karunya Institute of Technology and Sciences, Coimbatore-641 114, Tamil Nadu, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Aims: To evaluate the nutrient balance and nutrient use efficiency of irrigated pigeon peas under various integrated fertilizers

Place and Duration of Study: The field trial was conducted at Instructional Farm (North), Karunya Institute of Technology and Sciences, Coimbatore.

Methodology: During the growth phase of the pigeon pea crop, the soil's nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium levels were monitored to assess their essential nutrient balance. This evaluation was conducted for each treatment, considering the specific nutrient application given to the crop. Additionally, the total quantity of nutrient uptake and the efficiency of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium utilization were calculated.

Results: Higher availability of nutrients and nutrient uptake at harvest and the maximum values of computed balance and gain values in the nutrient balance studies and agronomic efficiency were observed in the integrated application of 75% RDF + 25% N eq as vermicompost (T2)

Conclusion: The integrated application of 75% RDF + 25% N eq as vermicompost (T2) resulted in maximum available nutrients, plant uptake, agronomic efficiency and computed balance nutrient gain.

Keywords: Farmyard manure, vermicompost, nutrient balance


How to Cite

Pradeep TS, Vanathi D, Udhya Kumar K, Mohana Priya R, & Balaganesh B. (2024). Nutrient Balance and Nutrient Use Efficiency of Irrigated Pigeon Pea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.] under Various Integrated Nutrient Management Practices. Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, 46(6), 170–177. https://doi.org/10.9734/jeai/2024/v46i62468

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Department of pulses production; Annual 2021-22. Available:https://dpd.gov.in/Annual%20Report%20(2021-22).pdf

Sarkar S, Panda S, Yadav KK, Kandasamy P. Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) an important food legume in Indian scenario-A review. Legume Research-an International Journal. 2020;43(5):601-610.

Jeyajothi R, Pazhanivelan S. Dry matter, nutrient uptake and yield of short duration pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan L.) varieties under drip fertigation system. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 2017;6(11):3958-3965.

Wu J, Zhou Q, Zhou C, Cheng KW, Wang M. Strategies to promote the dietary use of pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan L.) for human nutrition and health. Food Frontiers; 2024.

Aruna Talari AT, Devindra Shakappa DS. Role of pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan L.) in human nutrition and health: A review; 2018.

Sowmyasri S, Rani CS, Sudhakar C, Triveni S. Influence of integrated nutrient management on the productivity of kharif Redgram (Cajanus cajan L.). International Journal of Environment and Climate Change. 2023;13(10):2528-2532.

Kumari P, Kumar P, Roy S. Growth, instability and decomposition of pigeon pea production in India; 2023.

Sahrawat KL, Burford JR. Modification of the alkaline permanganate method for assessing the availability of soil nitrogen in upland soils. Soil Science. 1982;133(1):53-57.

Olsen SR. Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate (No. 939). US Department of Agriculture; 1954.

Isaac RA, Kerber JD. Atomic absorption and flame photometry: Techniques and uses in soil, plant, and water analysis. Instrumental Methods for Analysis of Soils and Plant Tissue. 1971;17-37.

Yuen SH, Pollard AG. Determination of nitrogen in soil and plant materials: Use of boric acid in the micro‐Kjeldahl method. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 1953;4(10):490-496.

Gilbert BE. The adaptation of certain colorimetric methods to the estimation of nitrates, phosphates and potassium in plant solutions. Plant Physiology. 1926;1(2):191.

Sadanandan N, Mahapatra IC. Studies on multiple cropping - balance of total and available phosphorus in various cropping patterns. Indian J. Agron. 1973;18:459-463.

Singh DK, Singh AK, Singh SK, Singh M, Srivastava OP. Effect of balanced nutrition on yield and nutrient uptake of pea (Pisum sativum L.) under Indo Gangetic plains of India. The Bio-scan. 2015;10(3):1245-1249.

Babu S, Rana DS, Choudhary AK. Effect of sunflower stover and nutrients management on energetics, nutrient acquisition and soil nutrient balance of Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan)–sunflower (Helianthus annuus) cropping system. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 2014;59(4):549-555.