Survey and Characterization of Ground Water Quality and its Effect on Soil Properties in Malpura Block of Tonk District Rajasthan, India

Rameshwar Choudhary

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221 005, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Indar Raj Naga *

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Jabalpur-482004, Madhya Pradesh, India.

A. M. latare

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221 005, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Mayank Goyal

Department of Agronomy, Rajasthan college Agriculture, MPUAT, Udaipur-313001, Rajasthan, India.

Dilip Choudhary

Department of Agronomy, Swami Keshwanand Rajasthan Agricultural University, Bikaner, Rajasthan, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


In Malpura block of Tonk district, a survey was conducted to evaluate the quality of the groundwater and determine how it affected the soil qualities. Using a handheld GPS, 60 groundwater samples and 60 soil samples overall were taken at six sites include Lawa(V1), Borkhandi(V2), Kadila(V3), Jankipura(V4), Diggi(V5) and Nukkad(V6) in the Malpura block of the Tonk district. The pH, EC, SAR and RSC of ground water ranged from 6.95-8.40, 2.18-3.15(dsm-1), 2.73-10.45 (m mol/L), 1.64-22.3 (meq/L), respectively. The anion contents followed the pattern Cl>SO42> HCO3>NO3>CO32 whereas the cations were found to be in the following order: Na+> Mg2+> Ca2+> K+. The village of Lawa had the lowest saturation rate (22.84%) and Diggi had the highest saturation percentage (38.34%). The correlation coefficient revealed that electrical conductivity (EC) of soil saturation extract was significantly and positively correlated with EC (0.625), Cl- (0.200) and Na+ (0.242) of Groundwater used for irrigation.

Keywords: Water quality, electrical conductivity, saturation percentage, RSC, SAR, soil properties

How to Cite

Choudhary , R., Naga , I. R., latare , A. M., Goyal , M., & Choudhary , D. (2024). Survey and Characterization of Ground Water Quality and its Effect on Soil Properties in Malpura Block of Tonk District Rajasthan, India. Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, 46(6), 293–302.


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