Studies on Genetic Variability, Correlation and Path Coefficient Analysis for Yield and Yield Contributing Traits in Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

Sumit Kumar Mishra

Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Birsa Agricultural University-834006, India.

Supriya Supal Surin

Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Birsa Agricultural University-834006, India.

Nutan Verma

Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Birsa Agricultural University-834006, India.

Piyush Kumar Bhargaw

Department of Agronomy, Birsa Agricultural University-834006, India.

Manisha Kumari

Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Birsa Agricultural University-834006, India.

Deepak Kumar Mishra *

Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Birsa Agricultural University-834006, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

A study was undertaken to analyse the genetic variability, correlation and estimates path coefficient analysis of yield and yield contributing traits in twenty-eight wheat genotypes grown at BAU Agricultural Farm, ranchi during Rabi season of 2019-2020 in three different dates of sowing with an interval of 15 days which is considered as three environments E1, E2, E3. In this investigation the pooled analysis of variance revealed that the treatments were highly significant for all the characters. Wide genetic variation was observed among genotypes for plant height, number of grains per spike, 1000 kernel weight, days to maturity and flag leaf area. Considering genetic parameters, high genotypic co-efficient of variation (GCV), was observed for 1000 kernel weight (11.95), no of grains per spike (12.73), flag leaf area (13.74), spike length (15.83), grain yield per plant (17.64), no of effective tillers (18.38) Whereas, low GCV was observed for plant height (3.49), days to 50% flowering (1.46), days to maturity (2.54) and harvest index (6.90). In most of the cases, phenotypic variances were higher than the genotypic variances. Environmental variance is much higher in harvest index (35.64), days to 50% flowering (33.47). low environmental variance was observed in plant height (16.75), flag leaf area (10.29), days to maturity (13.93), no of grains per spike (14.07), spike length (0.49) and biological yield (35.64). High heritability with low genetic advance in per cent of mean was observed for plant height, days to maturity, days to 50% flowering & harvest index which indicated the involvement of non-additive gene action for the expression of this character and selection for such trait might not be rewarding. High heritability with high genetic advance in per cent of mean was observed for grain yield per plant (27.73), no of grains per spike (20.93), 1000 kernel weight (23.58) and no of effective tillers (27.91) indicating that these traits were under additive gene control and selection for genetic improvement for these traits would be effective. Biological yield had high positive and significant correlation with plant height, number of effective tillers and number of grains per spike. Path coefficient analysis revealed maximum direct contribution towards yield per plot with sheath length followed by grains per spike.

Keywords: Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), correlation, path-coefficient, heritability


How to Cite

Mishra, S. K., Surin , S. S., Verma , N., Bhargaw , P. K., Kumari , M., & Mishra , D. K. (2024). Studies on Genetic Variability, Correlation and Path Coefficient Analysis for Yield and Yield Contributing Traits in Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, 46(6), 389–397. https://doi.org/10.9734/jeai/2024/v46i62490

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