Impact of Foliar Application of Boron on Yield and Yield Attributes, Assimilate Supply, Production Efficiency and Fertilizers Productivity of Indian Mustard (Brassica juncea) in Field Experiments

Samar Pal Singh *

Krishi Vigyan Kendra, New Delhi, 110073, India.

D. K. Rana

Krishi Vigyan Kendra, New Delhi, 110073, India.

Brijesh Yadav

Krishi Vigyan Kendra, New Delhi, 110073, India.

Kailash

Krishi Vigyan Kendra, New Delhi, 110073, India.

Jai Parkash

Krishi Vigyan Kendra, New Delhi, 110073, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Field experiments were conducted for three consecutive rabi seasons from 2018 to 2020 to assess the impact of foliar application of boron fertilizer on yield and yield attributes, assimilate supply, production efficiency and fertilizers productivity of Indian mustard [Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. &Coss.]. The results showed that the number of primary branches/ plant (7.00 to 8.08), number of siliquae/plant (427.2 to 468.8), number of seeds/siliqua (13.03 to 14.01), test weight of seed (3.60 to 3.80 g) and plant dry matter production (38.10 to 41.20 g/plant) were significantly increased with T2 treatment (100% NPKS + foliar application of Boron @ 0.5% Borax) as compared to farmer’s practice T1 (100% NPKS + without boron) during three years of experiments. Significantly higher seed yield (22.5 to 24.7 q/ha) of the mustard crop was also reported with T2 (100% NPKS + foliar application of Boron @ 0.5% Borax) as compared to farmers’ practice T1 (100% NPKS + without boron) (seed yield 19 to 22.5 q/ha) during the studies. Similarly, Treatment T2 resulted in significantly higher production efficiency and assimilates supply of mustard crop than that of T1 (farmer’s practice). The fertilizer productivity in the mustard crop that is directly related to seed yield and the partial factor of productivity of N, P, K and S fertilizers (PFPNPKS) were also increased significantly with the T2 compared to farmers practiceT1(farmer’s practice), during 3 years of studies. The highest gross return and net return and benefit-cost ratio were obtained with T2 (100% NPKS + foliar application of Boron @ 0.5% Borax) treatment over T1 (100% NPKS + without boron).

Keywords: Assimilate supply, economics, fertilizers productivity, production efficiency and seed yield


How to Cite

Singh, Samar Pal, D. K. Rana, Brijesh Yadav, Kailash, and Jai Parkash. 2024. “Impact of Foliar Application of Boron on Yield and Yield Attributes, Assimilate Supply, Production Efficiency and Fertilizers Productivity of Indian Mustard (Brassica Juncea) in Field Experiments”. Journal of Experimental Agriculture International 46 (7):64-74. https://doi.org/10.9734/jeai/2024/v46i72559.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Wimmer MA, Abreu I, Bell RW, Bienert MD, Brown PH, Dell B, Fujiwara T, Goldbach HE, Lehto T, Mock HP, Wirén N. Boron: an essential element for vascular plants. New Phytologist. 2019;226(5): 1232-7.

Zhao Z, Wang Y, Shi J, Wang S, White PJ, Shi L, Xu F. Effect of balanced application of boron and phosphorus fertilizers on soil bacterial community, seed yield and phosphorus use efficiency of Brassica napus. Science of the total environment. 2021;10,751:141644.

Rehman A, Wang X, Hussain A, Qamar R, Khalofah A, Hussain M. Boron Application in Yermosols Improves Grain Yield and Quality of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Journal of King Saud University-Science. 2022;1,34(2):101768.

Safdar ME, Qamar R, Javed A, Nadeem MA, Javeed HM, Farooq S, Głowacka A, Michałek S, Alwahibi MS, Elshikh MS, Ahmed MA. Combined application of boron and zinc improves seed and oil yields and oil quality of oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.). Agronomy. 2023;29,13(8):2020.

Ahmad W, Zia MH, Malhi SS, Niaz A, Ullah S. Boron Deficiency in soils and crops: a review. Crop plant. 2012;20;2012:65-97.

Goldbach HE, Yu Q, Wingender R, Schulz M, Wimmer M, Findeklee P, Baluška F. Rapid response reactions of roots to boron deprivation. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science. 2001;164(2):173-81.

Miwa K, Fujiwara T. Boron transport in plants: co-ordinated regulation of transporters. Annals of Botany. 2010;1, 105(7):1103-8.

Islam MB. Requirement of boron for mustard, wheat and chickpea based rice cropping patterns. PhD diss., Department Soil Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh. 2005;1-124

Saha PK, Saleque MA, Zaman SK, Bhuiyan NJ. Response of mustard to S, Zn and B in calcareous soil. Bangladesh J. Agril. Res. 2003;28(4):633-6.

Lu X, Lu Y, Mao D. The levels of available boron in red earth in central Zhejiang Province and boron nutrition of rape. Soils and Fertilizers (Beijing). 2000;(1):30-4.

Randhawa MK, Dhaliwal SS, Sharma V, Toor AS, Sharma S, Kaur M, Verma G. Nutrient use efficiency as a strong indicator of nutritional security and builders of soil nutrient status through integrated nutrient management technology in a rice-wheat system in northwestern India. Sustainability. 2021;20,13(8):4551.

Singh SP, Mahapatra BS, Pramanick B, Yadav VR. Effect of irrigation levels, planting methods and mulching on nutrient uptake, yield, quality, water and fertilizer productivity of field mustard (Brassica rapa L.) under sandy loam soil. Agricultural Water Management. 2021;1,244:106539.

Premi OP, Kandpal BK, Rathore SS, Shekhawat K, Chauhan JS. Green manuring, mustard residue recycling and fertilizer application affects productivity and sustainability of Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.) in Indian semi-arid tropics. Industrial Crops and Products. 2013; 1(41):423-9.

Kapila Shekhawat KS, Shivay YS, Dinesh Kumar DK. Productivity and nutrient uptake of spring sunflower (Helianthus annuus) as influenced by nitrogen sources, sulphur and boron levels, Indian Journal of Agricultural Science. 2008;78:90-94

Kumararaja P, Premi OP, Kandpal BK. Application of boron enhances Indian mustard (Brassica juncea) productivity and quality under boron deficient calcareous soil in semi-arid environment. 2015;S249-S254.

Jankowski KJ, Załuski D, Sokólski M. Canola-quality white mustard: Agronomic management and seed yield. Industrial Crops and Products. 2020;1;145:112138.

Verma A, Shahi UP, Chaurasia P, Kumawat L. Effect of mode of micronutrients application on growth and yield of pigen pea (Cajanus cajan L.) in sandy loam soil. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 2020;9(03):17-24.

Shah KA, Gurjar R, Parmar HC, Sonani VV. Effect of sulphur and zinc fertilization on yield and quality of pigeonpea in sandy loam soil. Green Farming. 2016;7(2):495-7.

Handiganoor M, Patil S, Vasudevan S. Response of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L.) to seed polymerization with micronutrients and foliar spray at different growth stages. British Journal of Environment and Climate Change. 2017;16,7(4):205-13.

Timotiwu PB, Agustiansyah A, Pramono E, Agustin S. Phosphorus and boron application on growth, yield, and quality of soybean seeds (Glycine max [L.] Merril). Journal of Agricultural Science. 2018;1,10(6):372-82.

Padbhushan R, Kumar D. Yield and nutrient uptake of green gram (Vigna radiata L.) as influenced by boron application in boron-deficient calcareous soils of Punjab. Communications in soil science and plant analysis. 2015;12, 46(7):908-23.

Jaiswal AD, Singh SK, Singh YK, Singh S, Yadav SN. Effect of sulphur and boron on yield and quality of mustard (Brassica juncea L.) grown on Vindhyan red soil. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science. 2015;63(3):362-4.

Hussain M, Khan MA, Khan MB, Farooq M, Farooq S. Boron application improves growth, yield and net economic return of rice. Rice Science. 2012, 1;19(3):259-62.

Shekhawat K, Rathore SS, Kandpal BK, Premi OP, Singh D, Chauhan BS. Crop establishment techniques affect productivity, sustainability, and soil health under mustard-based cropping systems of Indian semi-arid regions. Soil and Tillage Research. 2016;1(158):137-46.

Srinivasan G, Gobi R, Balasubramanian A, Sathiyamurthi S. Influence of nipping and nutrient management practices on growth, yield attributes and yield in Pigeonpea. Plant Archives .2019;19:737–740.

Haque MA, Jahiruddin M, Islam MR. Effect of sulphur and boron on seed yield of mustard (Brassica napus). Bangladesh J. Seed Sci. & Tech. 2000;4(1&2):7-11.

Dubey SK, Gautam US, Singh AK, Singh A, Chahal VP, Singh AK, Singh CH, Srivastava AJ. Quantifying the yield gap minimization in lentil (Lens culinaris) under Cluster Frontline Demonstrations (CFLD) conducted in Uttar Pradesh. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2018;1;88(6):851-9.

GOI (Government of India). Agricultural Statistics at a Glance. Agricultural Statistics Division, Department of Agriculture and Cooperation and Farmers Welfare, Ministry of Agriculture, GOI, New Delhi; 2022.