Response of Maize (Zea mays L.) to Seed Priming with Zinc and Boron on nutrient content and their Uptake

Nikhil Sharma

Department of Agronomy, School of Agriculture, Abhilashi University, Chail Chowk, Mandi, Himachal Pradesh, India.

Jay Nath Patel *

Department of Agronomy, School of Agriculture, Abhilashi University, Chail Chowk, Mandi, Himachal Pradesh, India.

Mohd Shah Alam

Department of Agronomy, School of Agriculture, Abhilashi University, Chail Chowk, Mandi, Himachal Pradesh, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Aims: To study the effect of seed priming with zinc (Zn) and boron (B) on nutrient content and their uptake by maize crop.

Study Design: Randomized block design.

Place and Duration of Study: Field experiment at Research Farm, School of Agriculture, Abhilashi University, Chail Chowk, Mandi, (H.P.), during kharif for one year 2023.

Methodology: The experiment was conducted with three replications and seven treatments.

Results: The data revealed that the highest contents of N, P and K in grains and stover of maize and their uptake by grains, stover and total uptake by maize crop was recorded under treatment T7 (Seed priming with 0.1% borax), which was at par with treatment T3 (Seed priming with 0.5% ZnSO4).The highest zinc content in grains and stover of maize was recorded under treatment T4 (Seed priming with 1% ZnSO4), which was at par with T3 (Seed priming with 0.5% ZnSO4). While, the boron content in grains and stover of maize was highest in T7 (Seed priming with 0.1% borax) and it was at par with T5 (Seed priming with 0.01% borax) and T6 (Seed priming with 0.05% borax). Whereas, total uptake of zinc by grains, stover was recorded by T3 (Seed priming with 0.5% ZnSO4), which was at par with T4 (Seed priming with 1% ZnSO4). While, total uptake of boron by grains, stover by maize crop was maximum in T7 (Seed priming with 0.1% borax), which was significantly superior to all treatments. However, the minimum content of all these nutrients in grains, stover and their uptake by grains, stover and total uptake by maize crop was found under treatment T1 (Absolute control).

Conclusion: This study showed that the different micronutrients and their seed priming has significantly affected the content of nutrients and their uptake by maize crop.

Keywords: Maize, seed priming, zinc, boron, nutrient content and uptake


How to Cite

Sharma, Nikhil, Jay Nath Patel, and Mohd Shah Alam. 2024. “Response of Maize (Zea Mays L.) to Seed Priming With Zinc and Boron on Nutrient Content and Their Uptake”. Journal of Experimental Agriculture International 46 (7):949-59. https://doi.org/10.9734/jeai/2024/v46i72649.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Awika J. Major Cereal grains production and use around the world. In Awika J, Piironen MV and Bean S. (Eds.), Advances in cereal science: Implications to food processing and health promotion. American Chemical Society Atlantic City, NJ, Washington DC. 2011; 1–13.

FAOStat. FAOStat. FAO, Rome; 2021.

Anonymous (USDA) World Agricultural production. Foreign Agricultural Service Cicular Series WAP. 2024; 1-20.

Shiferaw B, Prasanna B, Hellin J and Banziger M. Crops that feed the world 6. Past successes and future challenges to the role played by maize in global food security. Food Security. 2011; 3:307–327.

Poole N, Donovan J and Erenstein O. Agri-nutrition research: Revisiting the contribution of maize and wheat to human nutrition and health. Food Policy. 2021; 100:101-976.

Kaur A, Bedi S, Gill GK, Kumar M. Effect of nitrogen fertilizers on radiation use efficiency, crop growth and yield in some maize (Zea mays L.) genotypes. Maydica. 2012; 57:75-82.

Akay A. Effect of zinc fertilizer applications on yield and element contents of some registered chickpeas varieties. African Journal of Biotechnology. 2011;10(60): 12890-12896.

Taheri N, Abad HHS, Yousefi K and Mousavi SR. Effect of organic manure with phosphorus and zinc on yield of seed potato. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences. 2011;5(8): 775-780.

Pandey N, Pathak GC and Sharma CP. Zinc is critically required for pollen function and fertilisation in lentils. Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology. 2006; 20(2):89-96.

Cakmak I. Tansley Review No.111: Possible roles of zinc in protecting plant cells from damage by reactive oxygen species. New Phytologist. 2000;146 (2): 185-205.

Black RE. Micronutrients in pregnancy. British Journal of Nutrition. 2001;85(2):193-197.

Wessells KR and Brown KH. Estimating the global prevalence of zinc deficiency: Results based on zinc availability in national food supplies and the prevalence of stunting. PloS One. 2012;7(11): e50568.

Ahmad RT, Malik TA, Khan IA and Jakani MJA. Genetic analysis of some morpho-physiological traits related to drought stress in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Int. J. Agric. Biol. 2009;11: 235-240.

Koirala KB, Ghimire K, Prasai HK, BK SB, Paudel R, Tiwari HS and Bhusal DL. On-farm seed priming on maize: a sustainable approach to increase maize production and productivity. National Agricultural Research Development Fund (NARDF), Singha Durbar Plaza, Kathmandu, Nepal; 2006.

Jafar MZ, Farooq M, Cheema MA, Afzal I, Basra SMA, Wahid MA, Aziz T & Shahid M. Improving the performance of wheat by seed priming under saline conditions. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science. 2012;198:38-45.

Jackson ML. Soil chemical analysis, Prentice hall of India, Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi; 1973.

Lindsay WL, Norvell WA. Development of a DTPA soil test for zinc, iron, manganese and copper. Soil, Sci, Soc Am, J. 1978;42(3):421-428.

Gupta UC. Some factors affecting the determination of hot water soluble boron from podzol soils using azomethine- H. Canadian Journal of Soil Science.1979;59:241-247.

Imran S, Afzal I, Basra SMA, Saqib M. Integrated seed priming with growth promoting substances enhances germination and seedling vigor of spring maize at low temperature. Int. J. Agric. Bio. 2013;15:1251-1257.

Muhammad I, Kolla M, Volker R and Gunter N. Impact of nutrient seed priming on germination, seedling development, nutritional status and grain yield of maize.J. Plant Nutr. 2015;381803: 1821.

Asokan S, Murthti AN, Mahadevaswamy M. Effect of nitrogen levels and row spacing on yield, ccs and nitrogen uptake in different sugarcane varieties. J sugar Tech. 2005;7(23):44-47.

Farooq M, Usman M, Nadeem F, Rehman H, Wahid A, Basra SMA, Siddique KHM. Seed priming in field crops – potential benefits, adoption and challenges. Crop Pasture Sci. 2019;70:731–771.

Johnson SE, Lauren JG, Welch RM, Duxbury JM. A comparison of the effects of micronutrient seed priming and soil fertilization on the mineral nutrition of chickpea (Cicer arietinum), lentil (Lens culinaris), rice (Oryza sativa) and wheat (Triticum aestivum) in Nepal. Experimental Agriculture. 2005;41:427-448.

Shrestha A, Pradhan S, Shrestha J, Subedi M. Role of seed priming in improving seed germination and seedling growth of maize (Zea mays L.) under rainfed condition. J. Agric. Nat. Res. 2019; 2:265-273.

Brown PH and BJ Shelp. Boron mobility in plants. Plant Soil, 2000;193: 85-101.

Cakmak I. Tansley Review No. 111: possible roles of zinc in protecting plant cells from damage by reactive oxygen species. New Phytologist. 1997;146(2): 185-205.

Muhammad I, Kolla M, Volker R, Günter N. Impact of nutrient seed priming on germination, seedling development, nutritional status and grain yield of maize. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 2015 Oct 15; 38(12):1803- 21.

Choukri M, Abouabdillah A, Bouabid R, Abd-Elkader OH, Pacioglu O, Boufahja F, Bourioug M. Zn application through seed priming improves productivity and grain nutritional quality of silage corn. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences. 2022 Dec 1;29(12):103456.

Manoj KN, Ghawade S, Sonkamble AM, Bawkar SO, Phad DS. Effect of Seed Priming Treatments on Germination, Growth and Yield of Ajwain (Trachyspermum ammi L.). Int. J. Plant Soil Sci. [Internet]. 2024 Jan. 2 [cited 2024 Jun. 12];36(1):17-23.

Available:https://journalijpss.com/index.php/IJPSS/article/view/4324

Chidanandappa E, Singh RP. Enhancing maize seed vigour through seed biopriming using bioagents. J. Adv. Biol. Biotechnol. [Internet]. 2024 Feb. 20 [cited 2024 Jun. 12];27(2):48- 56. Available:https://journaljabb.com/index.php/JABB/article/view/698