Review on Browntop Millet- A Forgotten Crop
Journal of Experimental Agriculture International,
Browntop millet is a warm season crop and it can produce heavy seeds compared to other millets. This crop grown on a variety of soils and climates. It can be used as a wild life food crop, livestock grazing crop, for erosion control, hay production and also as a food grain crop. Millets are the major food source in arid and semi-arid parts of the world. Although India is the top most producers of millets, observed a steady decline in its production and utilization. Brown top millets provide nearly all essential nutrients. Brown top millet referred as miracle or positive crop for the dry and rainfed situations. The Brown top millet is known for its rapid forage production. It is grown for several other purposes like cover crop in plantation crop for soil erosion control and for high straw production. It suppresses root-knot nematode in the soil. This millet can be recommended in daily diet, there is a need to encourage the farming community to grow this crop thus contributing in achieving nutrition security. The nutrient content of browntop millet is on par with other millets and cultivation of this crop is also easier. Hence, there is an urgent need to popularize this millet.
- Browntop millet
- cover crop
How to Cite
Seetharam A, Krishne Gowda KT. Production and utilization of small millets in India. Food uses of small millets and avenues for further processing and value addition, UAS, GKVK, Bangalore. 2007;1-9.
Abid Hussain, Kheti B. Millets for climate change, India, Indian agriculture, Millets, December 16; 2009.
Clayton WD, Vorontsova MS, Harman KT, Williamson H. Grass Base–the online world grass flora; 2006.
Roopashree U. Health benefits, storage quality and value addition of barnyard millet (Echinochloa frumentacaea L.). M. Sc. (Agri.) Thesis, Univ. Agric. Sci., Dharwad, Karnataka, India; 2008.
Yenagi N, Joshi R, Byadgi S, Josna B. A hand book for school children: Importance of Millets in Daily Diets for Food and Nutrition Security. University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad, India. 2013;1-24.
Madella M, Lancelotti C, Garcia-Granero JJ. Millet microremains–an alternative approach to understand cultivation and use of critical crops in prehistory. Archaeol Anthropol Sci; 2013.
Fuller DQ, Browntop millet: Origins and development, university college London. Available:https://www.researchgate.net/publication/286351352
Mallikarjuna H. Korale’s growing popularity. Deccan Herald News Paper; 2016.
Roecklein, JC, Leung PS. A Profile of Economic Plants. Transaction Books, New Brunswick; 1987.
Sheahan CM. Plant guide for browntop millet (Urochloa ramosa). USDA-Natural Resources Conservation Service, Cape May Plant Materials Center, Cape May; 2014.
Kimata, M, Ashok ES, Seetharam A. Domestication, cultivation and utilization of two small millets, Brachiaria ramosa and Setaria glauca (Poaceae) in South India. Economic Botany. 2000;54(2):217-27.
Miller P, Lord E. Florida cow-calf management. (2nd Edn), Forages Univ of FL, UF/IFAS Extension; 2007.
McSorley RM, Ozores-Hampton PA, Stansly, Conner M. Nematode management, soil fertility and yield in organic vegetable production. Nematropica. 1999;29(2):205-213.
Thakur A, Prafullkumar, Prahlad, SN. Effect of different nitrogen levels and plant geometry, in relation to growth charecters and yield of brown top millet (Brachiaria ramose L.) at Bastar Plateau Zone of Chattisgarh. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 2019;8(2):27889-2794.
Bhat S, Ganiger PC, Nandini C, Prabhakar, Thippeswamy V. Browntop millet- a review. Agri Res & Tech: Open Access J. 2018;14(5):001-002.
Sarita, Ekta Singh. Potential of millets: Nutrients composition and health benefits. Journal of Scientific and Innovative Research. 2016;5(2):46-50.
Lawes CMM, Parag V, Bennett DA, Suh I, Lam TH, Whitlock G, Barzi F, Pan WH, Rodgers A. blood glucose and risk of cardiovascular diseases in the Asia Pacific region. Diabetes Care. 2004;27:2836-2842.
Hegde P, Rajasekaran N, Chandra T. Effect of the antioxidant properties of millet species on oxidative stress and glycemic status in alloxan-induced rats. Nutr. Res. 2004;25(12):1109-1120.
Roopa OM. Nutritional analysis and development of valueadded products from Browntop millet. M. Sc. (Agri.) Thesis, University of Agricultural Sciences, GKVK Bangalore; 2015.
Wisker E, Feldheim W, Pomeranz X, Meuser, F. Dietary fibre in cereals. Adv. Cereal Sci. Tech. 1985;7:169- 238.
Abstract View: 973 times
PDF Download: 1724 times