https://journaljeai.com/index.php/JEAI/issue/feed Journal of Experimental Agriculture International 2024-07-13T09:03:56+00:00 Journal of Experimental Agriculture International contact@journaljeai.com Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Journal of Experimental Agriculture International (ISSN: 2457-0591)</strong> is a multidisciplinary journal in the field of agriculture and biology. The journal publishes original scientific papers, short communications, review articles and case studies. By not excluding papers based on novelty, this journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct and scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer-reviewed, open-access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> <p><strong>NAAS Score: 5.14 (2024)</strong></p> https://journaljeai.com/index.php/JEAI/article/view/2673 Eco- friendly Management of Root Rot Disease in Cowpea Caused by Macrophomina phaseolina 2024-07-12T10:32:18+00:00 Kajalben S Pandya pandyakajal8@gmail.com R L Meena K R Chaudhari K K Patel <p>The research was conducted on evaluation of biological agents and organic amendments against <em>Macrophomina phaseolina </em>of cowpea at The Department of Plant Pathology, S. D. Agricultural University Sardarkrushinagar, Gujarat during2018<em>-</em>2019. Seven known antagonists were tested <em>in vitro</em> for their antagonism to <em>M. phaseolina </em>using dual culture method. <em>T. harzianum</em> (Sardarkrushinagar) and <em>T. viride </em>(Sardarkrushinagar) were potent antagonists of <em>M. phaseolina</em>. The six organic amendments at three different concentrations were tested against <em>M. phaseolina</em> by poisoned food technique <em>in vitro</em>. Significantly least mycelium growth of <em>M. phaseolina </em>was recorded in the extract of neem cake followed by mustard cake. Vermicompost and Farm yard manure were less effective against <em>M. phaseolina</em>.</p> 2024-07-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s). The licensee is the journal publisher. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. https://journaljeai.com/index.php/JEAI/article/view/2674 Assessment of Organic, Inorganic and Integrated Nutrient Management Practices on Yield and Economics of Groundnut during the Kharif Season 2024-07-12T10:40:26+00:00 S. Soma Sekhar Babu sanganasomu87@gmail.com G.S. Panduranga K. Madhuri Y Peeru Saheb A Sreenivas <p>Achieving sustainable and balanced food production is a difficult task given the rising food demand brought on by the world's fastest population growth. Taking this into account, an On Farm Trial (OFT) on the effect of organic, inorganic and Integrated Nutrient Management (INM) practices on groundnut growth, yield attributes, yield and economics was conducted in 5 locations at Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK) operated mandals in Kalikiri during the <em>Kharif </em>seasons from 2021-2022 to 2023-2024 on 2.0 ha of rainfed alfisols.</p> <p>The study revealed that INM practice recorded higher yield attributes, pod yield, gross return, net return and return per rupee invested than organic and inorganic nutrient management practices.&nbsp;The improvement in pod yield in INM was 11.9% and 7.8% over organic and inorganic nutrient management practices, respectively. Similarly, INM recorded higher gross returns (63,637 Rs. /ha), net returns (22,983 Rs. /ha) and B:C ratio of 1.56 as compared to organic and inorganic nutrient management practices. Results of the study suggested the integrated use of organic and inorganic sources of nutrition for increasing groundnut productivity and economic stability of groundnut farmers of Chittoor district.</p> 2024-07-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s). The licensee is the journal publisher. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. https://journaljeai.com/index.php/JEAI/article/view/2675 Impact of Seed Priming and Seed Rate on Productivity and Economic Profitability of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) 2024-07-12T12:27:29+00:00 Devashish Kumar Suborna Roy Choudhury subornabau@gmail.com Anupam Das Sushil Kumar Pathak Sushant Chandan Kumar Panda Pravesh Kumar Seema <p>In order to achieve optimal plant growth, the lifecycle of plants encounters various critical stage such as uneven seed germination, induce early flowering, poor and early seedling growth, poor root establishment which ultimately results in low crop yield. Keeping in view of the hypothesis of seed priming improves seedling emergence, reduces seedling emergence time, reduces seed dormancy, expands root growth, enhances nutrient uptake, resulted in better yield and yield contributing characters of plants, a field experiment was planned during Rabi season to figure out the effect of seed priming and seed rate on the yield performance of wheat. The experiment was laid out in factorial randomized block design which replicated thrice. The treatments included four seed priming methods (P1: no seed priming, P2: water seed priming, P3: 1% KNO3 seed priming, P4: 1% CaCl2 seed priming) and three seed rates (S1: 100 kg ha-1, S2: 125 kg ha-1, S3: 150 kg ha-1) using the wheat variety HD-2967. The result revealed that the yield and yield attributes of wheat were significantly influenced by the priming techniques. Seed priming with 1% CaCl<sub>2</sub> solution increased grain yield (3977 kg ha<sup>-1</sup>), number of ear head (275.61 m<sup>-</sup>²), length of ear head (11.29 cm), number of grains per ear head (46.17) and test weight (41.11 g) and was found to be statistically at par with seed priming with 1% KNO<sub>3</sub>, but significantly superior over seed priming with water and dry seeding. Different seed rate significantly influenced grain and straw yield and yield contributing characters of wheat. The higher grain yield (3959 kg ha<sup>-1</sup>), straw yield (5095 kg ha<sup>-1</sup>) and no. of ear head (287.83) was obtained with the seed rate@150 kg/ha followed by 125 and 100 kg ha<sup>-1 </sup>of seed rate.</p> 2024-07-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s). The licensee is the journal publisher. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. https://journaljeai.com/index.php/JEAI/article/view/2677 Management of Pod Bugs in Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) Applying Eco-friendly Insecticides 2024-07-13T07:32:39+00:00 C. Raghu Prasad raghuprasadatlee@gmail.com A. Rajesh S.R. Koteswara Rao B. Ramana Murthy <p>Field investigation on the management of pod bugs in cowpea <em>(Vigna unguiculata L.) </em>using eco-friendly insecticides was carried out during the <em>kharif</em> season in 2018 at dry land farm, S.V. Agricultural College, Tirupati. The results revealed that neem seed kernel extract, NSKE @ 5 percent was found to be the most effective in reducing pod bugs population with highest mean percent reduction over the control (65.0%), lowest percent pod damage (39.57%), seed damage (27.33%), highest hundred-grain weight (12.0gm) and the highest grain yield (933 kgha<sup>-1</sup>) followed by spinosad @ 0.2 ml/l and neem oil @ 0.5 percent. Therefore, it might be suggested that NSKE @ 5 percent can be applied for the better management of pod bugs in cowpea.</p> 2024-07-13T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s). The licensee is the journal publisher. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. https://journaljeai.com/index.php/JEAI/article/view/2678 Knowledge of Wheat Growers Regarding Improved Wheat Production Technology in Jamui District of Bihar, India 2024-07-13T09:03:56+00:00 Sandeep Kumar sandeepkumarxx2@gmail.com N. R. Meena R.K. Doharey Mani Bhusan Amrit Warshini Aman Verma <p>Wheat (<em>Triticum aestivum L.</em>) is a major cereal crop that plays a crucial role in ensuring food security in India. This study aimed to assess the knowledge level of wheat growers regarding improved wheat production technologies in Jamui district of Bihar. A multistage random sampling technique was employed to select a sample of 120 respondents from 12 villages across two blocks. Primary data were collected through personal interviews using a pre-structured interview schedule. The results revealed that 56.66% of the respondents possessed a medium level of knowledge, while 25% had low knowledge, and 18.34% had high knowledge. Farmers exhibited the highest knowledge regarding sowing time (90.56%), irrigation management (88%), and harvesting (75.34%). Practices like plant growth regulators (45.37%) and intercropping (56.76%) had relatively lower knowledge levels. Correlation analysis showed that variables like age, caste, education, risk orientation, scientific orientation, and extension contact had a significant positive correlation with knowledge level. Annual income, marital status, land holding, family type, and family size exhibited a positive but statistically insignificant correlation, while economic motivation showed a negative correlation with knowledge level. The study highlights the need for strengthening extension services, educational programs, and promoting scientific orientation and risk-taking ability among farmers to enhance their knowledge and facilitate the adoption of improved wheat production technologies, ultimately leading to increased productivity in the region.</p> 2024-07-13T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s). The licensee is the journal publisher. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. https://journaljeai.com/index.php/JEAI/article/view/2676 Host Preference and Damage potential of Rice Weevil, (Sitophilus oryzae L.) on Different Stored Millets 2024-07-12T12:41:28+00:00 Yash Vardhan Sharma sharmayash13081999@gmail.com Usha Yadav Anamika Yadav <p>The study was carried out at the Department of Entomology, SHUATS, Prayagraj during 2023-2024 to study the host preference and damage potential of rice weevil <em>Sitophilus oryzae</em> (L.) on different stored millets. The laboratory experiment was conducted to study host preference and seed damage of rice weevil <em>Sitophilus oryzae</em> (L.) on different millets (sorghum, pearl millet, foxtail millet, finger millet, kodo millet). Among different millets, sorghum was found as most preferred host with 30.44 number of weevils after 15 days of release. Maximum and minimum seed damage (%) was recorded on sorghum and foxtail millet after 30 days of release. It was observed that sorghum's high nutritional content, suitable grain structure, optimal moisture levels, and favorable storage conditions make it an ideal environment for rice weevils' development and reproduction.</p> 2024-07-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s). The licensee is the journal publisher. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.