Journal of Experimental Agriculture International 2023-01-27T05:41:07+00:00 Journal of Experimental Agriculture International Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Journal of Experimental Agriculture International (ISSN:&nbsp;2457-0591)</strong> is a multidisciplinary journal in the field of agriculture and biology. The journal publishes original scientific papers, short communications, review articles and case studies. By not excluding papers based on novelty, this journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct and scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer-reviewed, open-access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> <p>This is an open-access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.</p> <p>Subject matters include all areas of agricultural and biological science viz., agronomy, agricultural chemistry, entomology, plant pathology, agricultural genomics, biology, chemistry, earth science, genetics &amp; plant breeding, stored products research, post harvest biology and technology, seed science, irrigation and drainage, plant physiology, soil classification, soil fertility, soil conservation, insect and pest control, animal husbandry, aquaculture, agricultural engineering, agricultural economics, agroecology, biotechnology, organic agriculture, biodynamic agriculture, agribusiness and other allied areas.</p> <p>Every issue will consist of a minimum of 5 papers. Each issue will be running, and all officially accepted manuscripts will be immediately published online. The state-of-the-art running issue concept gives authors the benefit of 'Zero Waiting Time' for the officially accepted manuscripts to be published. This journal is an international journal and its scope is not confined by the boundary of any country or region.</p> Land Use Changes and Extent of Crop Diversification in North Western Zone of Tamil Nadu 2023-01-27T05:41:07+00:00 V. Priyanga M. Thilagavathi K. N. Selvaraj P. Dhevagi M. R. Duraisamy <p>Tamil Nadu, one of the important agrarian states in India, has experienced remarkable growth in the agricultural sector. Among the seven agro-climatic zones of Tamil Nadu, north western zone is known for intensive agrarian economy of which, the economy of Salem district is predominantly agrarian having 2.20 lakh hectares of net cultivated area (42.31 percent of total geographical area). The district has distinctive cropping patterns and the major crops grown in the district include Paddy, Tapioca, Maize, Sorghum and Vegetables. Given the importance of changing scenarios in cropping patterns, this study was undertaken to analyze the land use and cropping pattern changes and to examine the extent of crop diversification in Salem District over the year using the time series data for 20 years, i.e., from 2000-01 to 2019-20. Direction of changes in land use and cropping pattern was investigated using Markov chain analysis and for each year, crop diversification index was calculated. It was concluded from the study that the compound annual growth rate of area under crops like cereals and millets, pulses, spices and condiments, fruits, fibres. drugs, narcotics &amp; plantation crops and other non-food crops were positive whereas it was negative for sugar crops, oilseeds, vegetables, fodder and green manure. Based on the crop diversification index value, it is evident that Salem district is moving towards crop diversification rather than specialization however the process as analysed on a time series basis is stagnant.</p> 2023-01-05T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Biology of Rice Bacterial Brown Stripe Pathogen and Integrated Strategies for Its Management 2023-01-17T12:21:28+00:00 Mukul Kumar Anoop Kumar Pushkar Shukla A. K. Mishra Arun Kumar <p>Rice (<em>Oryza sativa</em> L.) is most commonly cultivated food grain crop in India as well as over the world. Rice is susceptible to many destructive diseases, among them bacterial diseases reported to major constrain in their production which causes significant yield loss. Major bacterial diseases affecting their <em>viz</em>., Bacterial leaf blight (BLB) (<em>Xanthomons</em> <em>oryzae</em> pv. <em>oryzae</em>), bacterial leaf streak (BLS) (<em>Xanthomonas oryaze</em> pv. <em>oryzacol</em>a) and bacterial panicle blight (BPB) (<em>Burkholderia glumae</em>) and Bacterial Brown stripe (BBS) (<em>Pseudomonas avenae</em>) are of regular occurrence. On the basis of diseases severity and economic losses BPB, BLB and BLS are most destructive respectively reported by many researchers. Management of such disease is a challenge without harming environment and human health. Chemicals having adverse effect on natural ecosystem and not economically feasible. In this review management of such diseases by eco-friendly approach is discussed. Adopting such practices is helpful in maintaining cost benefit ratio by resulting in profit. These practices can reduce the harmful residual effect of the chemical. It also suggests at about adopting effective cultural and physical method.</p> 2023-01-02T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##