Open Access Original Research Article

Green Manure Source Affects Growth and Vegetative Yield of Fluted Pumpkin

A. I. Makinde, K. S. Are, M. O. Oluwafemi, O. E. Ayanfeoluwa, O. O. Jokanola

Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/AJEA/2016/25692

Application of green manure to the soil can improve soil quality and increase crop yields, especially in organic farming. An experiment was conducted between April and October 2014 to determine nutritional potential of the soil amendments: Aleshinloye grade B organic manure; Mexican sunflower manure [Tithonia diversifolia (Hemsl.) A. Gray]; Neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) manure; Moringa (Moringa oleiferaLam.) manure, compared to a non-manure control. On growth and vegetative yield of Fluted pumpkin (Telfaira occidentalis Hook.F). At 2 week intervals, from 2 to 12 weeks after transplanting, number of leaves per plant, vine length per plant and number of branches per plant were determined. At harvest, fresh and dry leaf, stem and root weights were determined. Growth of Fluted pumpkin was generally enhanced by manures compared with untreated plants. Moringa, Mexican sunflower and Neem manures produced similar numbers of leaves, vine length and numbers of branches which were higher than Aleshinloye manure and the controls. Mexican sunflower manure had leaf dry weights, 38.19 g/plant, similar to Moringamanure, 24.76 g/plant, which were higher than Neem and Aleshinloye manures. Control plants had the lowest yield, 15.19 g/plant. Mexican sunflower manure could be an adequate source of nutrition in cultivation of Fluted pumpkin.

Open Access Original Research Article

Climate Change Effect on Pearl Millet [Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.] Genetic Variability in Burkina Faso

Lardia Ali Bougma, Mahamadi Hamed Ouedraogo, Nerbéwendé Sawadogo, Mahamadou Sawadogo

Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/AJEA/2016/25357

Aims: To compare pearl millet genetic variability in the different agro-climatic zones in Burkina Faso.

Methodology: The experiments were conducted by Technology and Science Department and bio-sciences laboratory, Pr Joseph Ki-Zerbo University Ouaga 1, between July and October 2015. The test was carried out in rain condition according to a block of Fisher with three replications. Seventy-two (72) accessions were collected in five northern latitudes degrees in Burkina Faso. Nineteen (19) quantitative characters were noted including, eight (8) phenologic traits evaluated on eight (8) feet and eleven (11) agro-morphological characters measured on three (3) plants in each accession.

Results: The results analyzing showed the difference between the accessions in the five (05) northern latitudes degrees depends more of the phenologic traits than on the agro-morphological characters. The cycle 50% flowering and the plants harvest cycle varied respectively between the five (05) northern latitudes degrees: from 90 to 64 and from 110 to 80 days after sowing. Indeed, the genetic variability higher of the pearl millet was the 10° and 11° northern latitudes and the lowest genetic variability was indicated by the 14° northern latitude. This study shows that the rural farmers majority pearl millet selection was early variety cycle.

Conclusion: Climate change effect reduced the genetic base of the pearl millet traditional varieties in the weak rain zones.

Open Access Original Research Article

Impact of Foliar Application of Growth Regulators and Micronutrients on the Performance of Darjeeling Mandarin

Sarad Gurung, S. K. Mahato, C. P. Suresh, Binoy Chetrri

Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/AJEA/2016/25447

Investigation was carried out in the farmer’s field of Kalimpong to evaluate the effect of foliar application of different level of GA3 and micronutrients on Darjeeling mandarin. The experimental design was adopted randomized block design in which there was seven main plot treatments representing combinations of three growth regulators (GA3 @ 7.5 ppm and 15 ppm, BA @ 200 ppm and 400 ppm and 2,4-D @ 7.5 ppm and 15 ppm) and two micro nutrients (Zn @ 0.5% and Boron @ 0.1%). Foliar application of GA3 at the rate of 15 ppm along with zinc (0.5%) and boron (0.1%) improved growth morphology, fruit yield attributes is also effective in enhancing the fruit yield with better fruit quality. Generally, it could be concluded that the treatment (T3) seems to be the promising treatment for the hilly region of Darjeeling.

Open Access Original Research Article

The Effect of Jasmonic Acid (JA) as Seed Treatment and Soil Drench on Morphological Parameters of Moneymaker Tomatoe (Solanum lycopersicum L.)

B. M. Abdulkarim, A. O. Ogaraku, S. A. Yahaya, R. E. Aliyu, J. A. Alanana, A. Mijinyawa

Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/AJEA/2016/25622

The aim of this research was to determine the effect of Jasmonic Acid (JA) application on some morphological parameters of money maker tomatoe. This research was undertaken in Lancaster Environmental centre glasshouse, Lancaster university, United kingdom. Results showed that Tomatoe plants that received 3 mM JA seed treatment showed a reduction in their mean height and are significantly different (p<0.001) to control soil treated plants. Tomatoe plants of JA soil drench treatment also showed a significant reduction in their mean height (p= 0.001) compared to the control soil drenched plants. JA seed primed Moneymaker tomatoe plants showed significant increase in their mean root weight compared to the control at (p=0.026). However, there were no significant differences in mean dry weight between JA soil drenched plants and their controls at (p=0.110). Although, significant increase in mean root weight was found in soil-drenched plants compared to control seed treated plants (p= 0.002). Increase in total mean plant dry weight of Moneymaker tomato plant (Solanum lycopersicum L.) was detected in those of JA seed treatment (Fig. 1, p=0.018) compared to control seed treatment (Tukey’s post hoc test). Similarly, there is significant increase in mean dry weight of JA soil drench plants than the control soil drenched plants (Fig. 1, p=0.001) using Tukey’s post hoc test. Finally it was also observed that no growth cost was associated with priming by exogenous JA application except for stunting of plant height.

Open Access Original Research Article

Study on the Effect of Dettol as a Disinfectant and Anti-Sticking Agent on African Catfish (Clarias gariepinus) Eggs, Survival and Growth Performance of the Hatchlings

T. A. Yisa, Y. O. Yusuf

Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/AJEA/2016/24687

Eggs of matured Clarias gariepinus size ranging from 500-600 g total body weight (TBW) were treated with dettol concentrations 0.00 ml, 0.10 ml, 0.20 ml and 0.30 ml (T1, T2, T3 and T4) respectively for 60 seconds to determine their effect on hatching, survival and growth performance of fry. Each treatment was replicated three times. The experiment was conducted at the indoor hatchery unit Fish Farm, Federal University of Technology, (FUT), Bosso Campus, Minna, Nigeria.  Percentage fertilization did not differed significantly in all treatments except for T2 (0.10 ml) and T3 (0.20 ml) that had significant difference (p>0.05) (75.79c and 78.54b) respectively. Percentage hatching differed significantly (p>0.05) among treatments control (0.00 ml), 0.10 ml, 0.20 ml and 0.30 ml (50.00d, 51.60c, 52.57b and 54.10a) respectively. The bred hatchlings were maintained for 8 weeks and total percentage mortality and survival showed that T1 (control) (0.00 ml) had the highest mortality (64.00) and T2 (0.10 ml) had the highest survival (426.00). There was no significant difference (P<0.05) in all fish body parameters measured among treatments except the mean total body weight (TBW) gain that differed significantly (P>0.05) T3 (0.20 ml) (0.18a) as compared to other treatments T1, T2 and T4 (0.12b, 0.12b and 0.11b) respectively. It is concluded that Clarias gariepinus eggs disinfected with dettol at 0.20 ml and 0.30 ml concentration for 60 seconds was most effective and should be applied before incubation for optimal fertilization, hatching, growth and survival.

Open Access Original Research Article

Chronic Problems of Turkish Farmers

Zeynep Ozbilge

Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/AJEA/2016/24629

Turkish farmers who engage in soil cultivation have to face a number of serious problems, ranging from the loss of agricultural land to the climate change. Moreover, they cannot earn a living from agriculture due to high production costs, intermediation system in the trade of agricultural products and insufficient financial support. The price increases in chemical fertilizers range from 55% to 82% while the price increase in diesel oil is 47% in 2010-2014 period. However, the increase in area based financial support is only 29% in the same period. Therefore, it is required that the state takes all measures to resolve problems of Turkish farmers. Preventing the misuse of agricultural land as well as its use for non-agricultural purposes, updating financial support for agriculture with respect to the price increases in agricultural inputs and developing a new agricultural policy which will focus on climate change are only some of the measures which should be implemented without delay in Turkey.

Open Access Review Article

Vegetable Production Potential of Turkey

Hakan Başak, Melihsah Doğus

Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, Page 1-18
DOI: 10.9734/AJEA/2016/25778

The ecological diversity in Turkey has a great role on formation agricultural systems. Turkey has been the fourth largest vegetable producer after China, India, and the United States, with 29.522.290 million tons of production over an 809.000 ha agricultural area. Even though production has been based on traditional methods, it ranks in the first in the World in terms of vegetable production capacity per kmand per capita with being among the top five in the production of most types of vegetables. Vegetable production activity has been spread over many  parts of the country, but production for trading purposes has been especially focused on the Mediterranean Region (MTR), Aegean Region (AR), Marmara Region (MR), and the Black Sea Region (BSR). There has been a marked increase in vegetable production in the Inner Anatolia Region (IAR). Vegetable production is limited by the local climate and an insufficient supply of water in Southeastern Anatolia Region (SAR), and by highlands and rough local climate in the Eastern Anatolia Region (EAR). The purpose of the current study was to provide information on the vegetable production potential of Turkey in order to present to the international community. Vegetable production and its farming areas in seven geographical regions of Turkey were presented in the tables and discussed.