Nurturing Crops, Enhancing Soil Health, and Sustaining Agricultural Prosperity Worldwide through Agronomy

Lalita Kumar Mohanty

KVK, Jajpur Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology, India.

N K Singh *

Department of Agronomy, ICAR-ATARI-Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Pratapgarh, Uttar Pradesh- 229408 – India.

Pranav Raj

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture Technology and Sciences.

Aditya Prakash

SHUATS, Prayagraj, India.

Awanindra Kumar Tiwari

Department of Plant Protection- Entomology, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur, UP, India.

Vishal Singh

Lords University, Alwar, Rajasthan, India.

Prashun Sachan

Department of Agronomy, CSAUA & T Kanpur, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Agronomy is the science and technology of crop and soil management for producing food, fiber, feed, and fuel. As the global population continues to rise, agronomy will play an increasingly vital role in meeting escalating food demands while sustaining natural resources. This review highlights major advancements in agronomic research and practice that enhance crop yields, soil health, and agricultural sustainability worldwide. Key topics include plant breeding for improved crop varieties, optimized plant nutrition and soil fertility management, efficient water management, integrated pest management (IPM), conservation agriculture techniques, precision agriculture technologies, and climate-smart farming approaches. Modern agronomy strategies such as drought-tolerant cultivars, micro-irrigation, reduced tillage systems, site-specific input applications, and integrated cropping systems can significantly improve productivity and resilience. However, continued innovation and diffusion of agronomic knowledge is crucial to nourish growing populations while protecting environmental quality. Collaborative efforts among researchers, educators, policy makers, and farmers will be imperative to apply advanced yet context-specific agronomic solutions that sustain agricultural prosperity into the future.

Keywords: Plant breeding, soil fertility, irrigation, IPM, conservation agriculture, precision agriculture, climate-smart agriculture

How to Cite

Mohanty , L. K., Singh , N. K., Raj, P., Prakash, A., Tiwari , A. K., Singh , V., & Sachan, P. (2024). Nurturing Crops, Enhancing Soil Health, and Sustaining Agricultural Prosperity Worldwide through Agronomy. Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, 46(2), 46–67.


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