Evaluation of Different Table Grape Varieties in Response to Growth and Physiological Traits during Foundation Bud Pruning

Siddanna Thoke *

Department of Fruit Science, Horticulture Research and Extension Centre, Tidagundi, Vijayapur, Karnataka- 586119, India.

S. N. Patil

Department of Fruit Science, College of Horticulture, Bagalkot, India.

S. G. Gollagi

Department of Crop Physiology, Horticulture Research and Extension Centre, Tidagundi, Vijayapur, India.

Kulapati Hipparagi

Horticulture Research and Extension Centre, Tidagundi, Vijayapur, India.

Satyanarayana C.

Department of Entomology Horticulture Research and Extension Centre, Tidagundi, Vijayapur, India.

Veeresh Hiremath

Department of Post Harvest Technology, College of Horticulture, Bagalkot, India.

Dadapeer Peerajade

Department of BCI, College of Horticulture, Bagalkot, India.

Deepak Kore

Department of Fruit Science, College of Horticulture, Bagalkot, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

 Grape (Vitis vinifera L.) was one of the first fruits cultivated by human since the dawn of civilization, the fermented product of grapes, wine has probably been an important way of consuming grapes. It is one of the commercially important sub-tropical fruit crop of peninsular India. It is the world’s most important fruit in terms of total production and economic stand point. The present research investigates the growth and physiological parameters like pruned biomass, cane length, cane diameter, leaf area, leaf area index, matured canes and chlorophyll content in different table grape varieties over a two year experimentation period (2021-22 and 2022-23) at Horticulture Research and Extension Centre, Tidagundi (Vijayapur), Karnataka. The experiment consisted of 10 treatments (V1 - Red Globe, V2 - Fantasy Seedless, V3 - Crimson Seedless, V 4 - Manjari Shyama (A-18/3), V 5 – Nana saheb Purple Seedless, V 6 - Sharad Seedless (Check), V 7 - Merbein Seedless, V 8 - 2A-Clone, V 9– Manjari Kishmish (Kishmish Rozavis White) V10 - Thompson Seedless (Check)) laid out in randomized block design with 4 replications. The results highlight the highest fresh weight (2.23 kg/vine), dry weight (1.38 kg/vine), maximum number of canes (53.31), mature canes (48.04), fruitful canes (43.52) per vine, highest leaf area (200.11 cm2) and leaf area index (3.91) were noted in Thompson Seedless. The maximum cane length (75.90 cm) was recorded in the variety Crimson Seedless. The maximum cane diameter (9.80 mm) was recorded in Red Globe. Manjari Kishmish recorded the maximum chlorophyll content of the leaf (42.92).

Keywords: Grape, table varieties, growth, physiological traits, foundation bud pruning


How to Cite

Thoke , S., Patil, S. N., Gollagi , S. G., Hipparagi , K., Satyanarayana C., Hiremath , V., Peerajade , D., & Kore , D. (2024). Evaluation of Different Table Grape Varieties in Response to Growth and Physiological Traits during Foundation Bud Pruning. Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, 46(2), 126–140. https://doi.org/10.9734/jeai/2024/v46i22315

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