Growth, Variability and Decomposition Analysis of Rice in Major States of India

Ankita Rajput *

College of Agriculture, RVSKVV, Gwalior, India.

Poonam Chaturvedi

College of Agriculture, JNKVV, Jabalpur, India.

Anamika Verma

College of Agriculture, JNKVV, Jabalpur, India.

Deeksha Singh

College of Agriculture, JNKVV, Jabalpur, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


The present paper analysed the growth rate and decomposition analysis of area, production and yield of rice in major states of India for the period 2010-11 to 2021-22. The major states included Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab and Tamil Nadu. For the analysis the data was obtained from the official website of DES (Directorate of Economics and Statistics).The findings of the study showed that Tamil Nadu and Punjab were among the high-producing states of India, while decline in area under rice was observed in states like Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal. Rice area increased for India as a whole during the study period. Variability varied across the states with Tamil Nadu showing highest variability. In West Bengal Punjab and Uttar Pradesh, area and yield effect contributed significantly to output growth. In Andhra Pradesh, area and interaction effect had a negative effect on the output growth. Overall, for the entire nation area, yield and interaction effect had a negative impact on the output growth. The findings of the study suggested that policies should focus on increasing rice area in Uttar Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh through improved infrastructure and farmer trainings. To increase the yield, adoption of advanced technologies, improved irrigation facilities and use of high yielding seeds should be encouraged.

Keywords: Area, production, yield, decomposition, variability, growth rate

How to Cite

Rajput, Ankita, Poonam Chaturvedi, Anamika Verma, and Deeksha Singh. 2024. “Growth, Variability and Decomposition Analysis of Rice in Major States of India”. Journal of Experimental Agriculture International 46 (7):8-14.


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