Study on the Effect of Bee Attractants on the Giant Honey Bee, Apis dorsata and their Effect on Niger [Guizotia abyssinica (L.f.) Cass] Seed Yield

Dwarka *

Department of Entomology, Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, 482004, India.

Anand Kumar Panday

Department of Entomology, AICRP(ICAR), PC Unit Sesame and Niger, Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, 482004, India.

Shobharam Thakur

Department of Entomology, AICRP(ICAR), PC Unit Sesame and Niger, JNKVV, College of Agriculture, Tikamgarh, Madhya Pradesh, 472001, India.

Vijay Kumar Katara

Department of Plant Breeding & Genetics, AICRP(ICAR), PC Unit Sesame and Niger, Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, 482004, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The study was conducted at the experimental farm of the PC Unit Sesame and Niger, CoA, Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, located in Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, during the Kharif season of 2022. The primary objective of the experiment was to assess the influence of bee attractants on the attraction of Apis dorsata (giant honey bees) and their subsequent impact on the seed yield of niger crop. The experiment was designed using a Randomized Block Design (RBD) with nine treatments and three replications. This experimental setup allows for systematic testing of the effects of different bee attractants on both bee behaviour and crop yield while controlling for potential sources of variation. By utilizing this design, researchers can obtain reliable data on the efficacy of various bee attractants in enhancing pollination and improving seed yield in niger crops. Treatment used T1: Flower extract of Madhuca longifolia 10%, T2: Juice of Sachharum officinarum 10%, T3: Jaggery solution 10%, T4: Honey solution 10%, T5: Fruit extract of Foenix dactylifera 10%, T6: Sugar solution 10%, T7: Rose water (marketed) 10%, T8: Water spray and T9: Control. The results showed that the both at 10% and 50% flowering stage Apis dorsata visit was numerically the highest with flower extract of mahua, Madhuca longifolia 10% with 15.67 and 10.33 Apis dorsata/m2/5min, respectively. This was followed by fruit extract of date palm, F. dactylifera spray with 14.92 and 9.75 Apis dorsata/m2/5min, respectively. The population of Apis dorsata was received from the controlled condition 2.67 and 3.25 Apis dorsata/m2/5min at 10% and 50% flowering stage, respectively. This was followed by water spray 5.08 and 5.16 Apis dorsata/m2/5min at 10% and 50% flowering stage, respectively. The foliar spray of flower extract of M. longifolia and fruit extract of F. dactylifera 10% were found significantly superior over others in respect to record higher seed yield and recorded 6.96 q and 6.90 q/ha seed yield, respectively.

Keywords: F. dactylifera, Madhuca longifolia, Apis dorsata, Bee attractants, Niger


How to Cite

Dwarka, Anand Kumar Panday, Shobharam Thakur, and Vijay Kumar Katara. 2024. “Study on the Effect of Bee Attractants on the Giant Honey Bee, Apis Dorsata and Their Effect on Niger [Guizotia Abyssinica (L.F.) Cass] Seed Yield”. Journal of Experimental Agriculture International 46 (7):903-8. https://doi.org/10.9734/jeai/2024/v46i72644.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Dwarka, Panday AK, Saxena AK, Jain S, Sahu R and Marabi RS. The relative abundance of insect pollinators/visitors in Niger (Guizotia abyssinica) crop. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2023;12(2): 3579-3581.

Anonymous.. 4th Advance estimate, agriculture statistics division, directorate of economics and statistics, New Delhi. Indian Journal of Natural Products and Resources. 2021-21;2:221- 226.

Dwarka, Panday AK, Saxena AK. To study the effect of bee attractants on the attraction of giant honey bees (Apis dorsata) and their impact on seed yield of Niger (Guizotia abyssinica) crop. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2022;11(12): 866-868.

Dwarka, Panday AK, Saxena AK. To study the effect of bee attractants on the attraction of giant honey bees (Apis dorsata) and their impact on seed yield of Niger (Guizotia abyssinica) crop. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2022;11(12): 866-868.

Kalmath BS, Sattigi HN. Effect of different attractants on attracting the bees to onion (Alium cepa) crop. Indian Bee Journal. 2002;64(6):68-71.

Dwarka, Panday AK, Tare S, Thakur S, Katara VK. Effect of Bee Attractants on the Attraction of Apis dorsata and their Impact on Seed Yield of Niger Guizotia abyssinica (L.f.) Cass Crop. Journal of Scientific Research and Reports. 2024;30(6):420-426.

Chandrasekhar GS, Sattigi HN. Influence of bee attractants on bee pollination on seed setting and yield in raddish. Karnataka Journal Agric. Science. 2009;22 (4):777-780.

Jailyang L, Sharma NC, Chandel JS, Rana VS, Rana K, Chauhan P. Influence of Bee Scent and other indigenous bee attractants on bee activity and fruiting behaviour of kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa A. Chev.). Scientia Horticulturae. 2022;295: 110869.

Ellis A, Delaplane KS. An evaluation of Fruit-Boost™ as an aid for honey bee pollination under conditions of competing bloom. Journal of Apicultural Research. 2009;48(1):15-8.